Lojban Vocabulary: verbs

By Xah Lee. Date:
x1 is a volitional entity employing means/taking action x2 for purpose/goal x3/to end x3
x1 (event) modifies/alters/changes/transforms/converts x2 into x3
x1 [observer] senses/detects/notices stimulus property x2 (ka) by means x3 under conditions x4
x1 organizes x2 [relative chaos] into x3 [ordered/organized result] by system/principle(s) x4
x1 inscribes/writes x2 on display/storage medium x3 with writing implement x4; x1 is a scribe
x1 looks at/examines/views/inspects/regards/watches/gazes at x2 x
x1 talks/speaks to x2 about subject x3 in language x4
x1 errs in doing/being/making mistake x2 (event), an error under conditions x3 by standard x4
x1 assumes/supposes that x2 (du'u) is true about subject x3; [epistemology]
x1 encircles/encloses/is surrounding x2 in direction(s)/dimension(s)/plane x3
-v bandu
x1 (event) defends/protects x2 (object/state) from threat/peril/potential x3 (event)
-v xalni
x1 (person) is panicked by crisis x2 (event/state)
-v xarnu
x1 is stubborn/willfully opposing/resisting x2 about x3 (event/state)
-v xenru
x1 regrets/rues (abstraction) x2; x1 is regretful/rueful/sorry/[remorseful] about x2
-v banro
x1 grows/expands [an increasing development] to size/into form x2 from x3

-v canja
x1 exchanges/trades/barters commodity x2 for x3 with x4; x1, x4 is a trader/merchant/businessman
-v carna
x1 turns/rotates/revolves around axis x2 in direction x3
-v cecla
x1 launches/fires/shoots projectile/missile x2, propelled by x3 [propellant/propulsion]
-v jelca
x1 burns/[ignites/is flammable/inflammable] at temperature x2 in atmosphere x3
-v jerna
x1 (agent/person) earns/[deserves/merits] wages/salary/pay x2 for work/service x3 (activity)
-v jersi
x1 chases/pursues/(physically) follows after x2; volition is not implied for x1 or x2
-v kalte
x1 hunts/stalks prey/quarry/game x2 for purpose x3
-v katna
x1 (tool/blade/force) cuts [through]/splits/divides x2 (object) into pieces x3
-v kavbu
x1 captures/catches/apprehends/seizes/nabs x2 with trap/restraint x3
-v lasna
x1 (agent) fastens/connects/attaches/binds/lashes x2 to x3 with fastener x4
-v mipri
x1 keeps x2 secret/hidden from x3 by method x4; x2 is a secret; x1 hides/conceals x2
-v vecnu
x1 [seller] sells/vends x2 [goods/service/commodity] to buyer x3 for amount/cost/expense x4
-v venfu
x1 takes revenge on/retaliates against x2 (person) for wrong x3 (nu) with vengeance x4 (nu)
-v viska
x1 sees/views/perceives visually x2 under conditions x3
-v vofli
x1 flies [in air/atmosphere] using lifting/propulsion means x2
-vb bacru
x1 utters verbally/says/phonates/speaks [vocally makes sound] x2
-vb catke
x1 [agent] shoves/pushes x2 at locus x3
-vb cinba
x1 (agent) kisses/busses x2 at locus x3
-vb cisma
x1 smiles/grins (facial expression)
-vb batci
x1 bites/pinches x2 on/at specific locus x3 with x4
-vb citka
x1 eats/ingests/consumes (transitive verb) x2
-v tunlo
x1 gulps/swallows
-vb cadzu
x1 walks/strides/paces on surface x2 using limbs x3
-vb bajra
x1 runs on surface x2 using limbs x3 with gait x4
-vb limna
x1 (agent) swims in fluid x2
-v darxi
x1 hits/strikes/[beats] x2 with instrument [or body-part] x3 at locus x4
-vb jgari
x1 grasps/holds/clutches/seizes/grips/[hugs] x2 with x3 (part of x1) at locus x4 (part of x2)
-vb klaku
x1 weeps/cries tears x2 about/for reason x3 (event/state)
-vb cmila
x1 laughs (emotional expression)
-vb frumu
x1 frowns/grimaces (facial expression)
-vb kafke
x1 coughs/farts/burps up/out x2 [predominantly gaseous] from orifice x3
-vb klama
x1 comes/goes to destination x2 from origin x3 via route x4 using means/vehicle x5
-vb catra
x1 (agent) kills/slaughters/murders x2 by action/method x3
-vb vikmi
x1 [body] excretes waste x2 from source x3 via means/route x4
-vb vasxu
x1 breathes/respires x2 [gas]
-vb tatpi
x1 is tired/fatigued by effort/situation x2 (event); x1 needs/wants rest
-vb vreta
x1 lies/rests/reclines/reposes on x2; x1 is reclining/recumbent/lying on x2
-vb xasne
x1 is a/the sweat/perspiration from body x2, excreted by gland(s)/organs x3
-v minra
x1 reflects/mirrors/echoes x2 [object/radiation] to observer/point x3 as x4; x2 bounces on x1
-v rorci
x1 engenders/procreates/begets x2 with coparent x3

x1 [abrasive/cutting/scratching object/implement] scratches/[carves]/erodes/cuts [into] x2
x1 steps/treads on/in surface x2 using limbs x3
-tv porpi
x1 breaks/fractures/shatters/[splits/splinters/cracks] into pieces x2
-v benji
x1 transfers/sends/transmits x2 to receiver x3 from transmitter/origin x4 via means/medium x5
-v bikla
x1 whips/lashes/snaps [a sudden violent motion]
-v torni
x1 twists under load/force/torsion x2

-v bredi
x1 is ready/prepared for x2 (event)
-v binxo
x1 becomes/changes/converts/transforms into x2 under conditions x3
-v basti
x1 replaces/substitutes for/instead of x2 in circumstance x3; x1 is a replacement/substitute
-tv bevri
x1 carries/hauls/bears/transports cargo x2 to x3 from x4 over path x5; x1 is a carrier/[porter]
x1 learns x2 (du'u) about subject x3 from source x4 (obj./event) by method x5 (event/process)
x1 is asleep (adjective); x1 sleeps/is sleeping
(adjective) x1 is awake/alert/conscious
x1 seeks/searches/looks for property x2 among set x3 (complete specification of set)
x1 [agent] ceases/stops/halts/ends activity/process/state x2 [not necessarily completing it]
x1 repairs/mends/fixes x2 for use x3
x1 (person) explains x2 (event/state/property) to x3 with explanation x4 (du'u)
x1 [person] labors/works on/at x2 [activity] with goal/objective x3
x1 remembers/recalls/recollects fact(s)/memory x2 (du'u) about subject x3