Wordy Blog Archive 2012-02

Updated. If you haven't done already, install a dictionary browser extension now. See: Online English Dictionary Tools.

Etymology of [ Predicate (grammar) ] [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Predicate_%28grammar%29 ]. quote:

There are two competing notions of the predicate in theories of grammar. Traditional grammar tends to view a predicate as one of two main parts of a sentence, the other being the subject, which the predicate modifies. The other understanding of predicates is inspired from work in predicate calculus (=predicate logic, first order logic). On this approach, the predicate of a sentence corresponds mainly to the main verb and any auxiliaries that accompany the main verb, whereby the arguments of that predicate (For example, the subject and object noun phrases) are outside of the predicate. The competition between these two concepts has generated confusion concerning the use of the term “predicate” in theories of grammar. This article considers both of these notions.

[ Predicate (mathematical logic) ] [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Predicate_%28mathematical_logic%29 ]. Quote:

In mathematics, a predicate is commonly understood to be a boolean-valued function P: X→ {true, false}, called the predicate on X. However, predicates have many different uses and interpretations in mathematics and logic, and their precise definition, meaning and use will vary from theory to theory. So, for example, when a theory defines the concept of a relation, then a predicate is simply the characteristic function or the indicator function of a relation. However, not all theories have relations, or are founded on set theory, and so one must be careful with the proper definition and semantic interpretation of a predicate.

[etymology of predicate https://www.etymonline.com/word/predicate]

Etymology: One-upmanship

Etymology: [ One-upmanship ] [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/One-upmanship ]

The term originated as the title of a book by Stephen Potter, published in 1952 as a follow-up to The Theory and Practice of Gamesmanship (or the Art of Winning Games without Actually Cheating) (1947) and Lifemanship titles in his series of “tongue-in-cheek self-help books”, and film and television derivatives, that teach various “ploys” to achieve this.

In that context, the term refers to a satiric course in the gambits required for the systematic and conscious practice of “creative intimidation”, making one's associates feel inferior and thereby gaining the status of being “one-up” on them.

This satire of self-help style guides manipulates traditional stuffy British conventions for the gamester, all life being a game, who understands that if you're not one-up, you're one-down. Potter's unprincipled principles apply to almost any possession, experience or situation, deriving maximum undeserved rewards and discomforting the opposition.

Using Google Translate to Hear Musical Quality of Foreign Languages

Etymology of Gambit

Etymology of [ Gambit ] [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gambit ].

A gambit (from ancient Italian gambetto, meaning tripping) is a chess opening in which a player, most often White, sacrifices material, usually a pawn, with the hope of achieving a resulting advantageous position. A gambit used by Black may also be called a gambit, but is sometimes called a “countergambit”.

The word “gambit” was originally applied to chess openings in 1561 by Spanish priest Rúy López de Segura, from an Italian expression dare il gambetto (to put a leg forward in order to trip someone). Lopez studied this maneuver, and so the Italian word gained the Spanish form gambito that led to French gambit, which has influenced the English spelling of the word. The broader sense of “opening move meant to gain advantage” was first recorded in English in 1855.

[etymology of Gambit https://www.etymonline.com/word/Gambit]

English Idiom: All But!

These days, of course, high-capacity flash drives and cloud computing have helped make those giant slices of square-shaped storage all but obsolete.

(source: 〔 http://www.itworld.com/business/260490/20-iconic-tech-sounds-next-generation-wont-know 〕. (the site is ad-ridden))

The “all but” there is a idiocy.

Highbrow Vocabulary in Creative Writing

Today's big list of big words:

thesis, codification, epitome, gist, perpetually, obscurity, aghast, drill, foolhardiness, propensity, tiresome, argumentation, cohorts, mecca, epithet, brute, dictates, transcends, aloof, exuding, phantasmagorical, dire, retorted, sullied, ganged, propound, imbecile, gaggle, nonchalant, sole, cannibals, bucks, doe, ply, subterfuge, Feign, rhetoric, verbose, elated, meritable, reiterate, pragmatics, one-upmanship, soliloquy, plebeian, contradict, bout, missives, deeds, persona, tact, theatrical, logorrhea, credential, contemplation, regurgitation, peruse, patronizing, officious, acquainted

go thru each, see if you have any inkling, and look it up! Don't forget Online English Dictionary Tools.

For examplary usage, in creative writing, at: comp.lang.lisp Fight on the Meaning of Closure.

English Idiom: “Pissing Fight”

when we say that 2 guys are doing a “pissing fight”, note that there's depth in the phrase.

it's funny to note why females do not do pissing fight. On the surface: ① they don't. ② they can't.

Both reasons are intertwined and intriguing. They “can't” because their pissing organ isn't like a pipe that can aim and spray. And they don't anyway, because they don't need to in order to attract males. Mate attraction for female, lies in youth. Mate attraction for male, lies in power. Therefore pissing fight.

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It's, like, coffee — addictive. It's like tea — calms you down and energizes you. Like honey, you can suck on and is sweet.

Once mastered, it's like pheromone in your mouth — puff it and chicks come all over.

And, among your friends and colleagues, those who don't understand you can only esteem you.

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Chinese pun: 计算姬


It's a pun on 计算机.

姬 (ji1) = imperial concubine; beauty

Chinese language related articles now has a index, at: Index to Chinese Language Articles.

Advanced Chinese: 汕

汕 (shan4) = ① basket for catching fish. ② bamboo. ③ But mostly known as a word in the city name: 汕头市 ([ Swatow ] [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swatow ], Guangdong, China.)

Advanced Chinese: 潇洒,倜傥




韋小寶. Quote:







韋小寶有七個妻子,兩個兒子和一個女兒,妻子分別為建寧公主、 雙兒、沐劍屏、曾柔、方怡、蘇荃、阿珂,子女分别为长女韋雙雙、長子韋虎頭和次子韋銅錘(因擲骰子擲到一和六,名為 “銅錘一六”,故取名為 “韋銅錘”)姐弟。


Slang: Grease Monkey

grease monkey = mechanics.

A mechanic is a craftsman or technician who uses tools to build or repair machinery. Many mechanics are specialized in a particular field such as auto mechanics, bicycle mechanics, motorcycle mechanics, boiler mechanics, general mechanics, industrial maintenance mechanics (millwrights), air conditioning and refrigeration mechanics, aircraft mechanics, diesel mechanics, and tank mechanics in the armed services.

Source: [ Mechanic ] [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mechanic ]

Mikaela Banes Megan Fox
Grease monkey. (actress Megan Fox, as Mikaela Banes in movie Transformer)

Humorous Chinese for “thumb up” “thumb down”

Found this on a Chinese blog site, so funny.

On many English websites, you have a thumb up icon and thumb down icon. On this Chinese site, it has 2 characters instead: {顶, 踩}.

So, a funny English version would be: {raise over head, stomp it}.