By Xah Lee. Date:

01090 Lojban LogFlash cmavo list 26 August 2002 -- added va'e 01090

.ybuBY*yletteral for y
.y'yBY2'letteral for '
.yYhesitationhesitation noise; maintains the floor while speaker decides what to say next
.uunaiUI*1crueltyattitudinal: pity - cruelty
.uuUI1pityattitudinal: pity - cruelty (cf. kecti)
.uonaiUI*1incompletenessattitudinal: completion - incompleteness
.uoUI1completionattitudinal: completion - incompleteness (cf. mulno, mansa, fanmo, snada)
.uinaiUI*1unhappinessattitudinal: happiness - unhappiness
.uibuBY*happy faceletteral: happiness symbol (letteral)
.uiUI1happinessattitudinal: happiness - unhappiness (cf. gleki)
.uepeiUI*1surprised?attitudinal: surprise question
.uenaiUI*1expectationattitudinal: surprise - expectation
.uecu'iUI*1not very surprisedattitudinal: surprise - not really surprised - expectation axis
.ueUI1surpriseattitudinal: surprise - not really surprised - expectation (cf. spaji)
.ubuBY*uletteral for u
.uanaiUI*1confusionattitudinal: discovery - confusion/searching
.uaUI1discoveryattitudinal: discovery - confusion/searching (cf. facki, cfipu, sisku)
.u'unaiUI*1innocenceattitudinal: repentance - lack of regret - innocence
.u'ucu'iUI*1lack of regretattitudinal: repentance - lack of regret - innocence
.u'uUI1repentanceattitudinal: repentance - lack of regret - innocence (cf. xenru, zugycni)
.u'onaiUI*1cowardiceattitudinal: courage - timidity - cowardice
.u'ocu'iUI*1timidityattitudinal: courage - timidity - cowardice
.u'oUI1courageattitudinal: courage - timidity - cowardice (cf. virnu)
.u'inaiUI*1wearinessattitudinal: amusement - weariness
.u'iUI1amusementattitudinal: amusement - weariness (cf. selzdi, selxajmi, xalbo)
.u'enaiUI*1commonplaceattitudinal: wonder - commonplace
.u'eUI1wonderattitudinal: wonder - commonplace (cf. manci, fadni)
.u'anaiUI*1lossattitudinal: gain - loss
.u'aUI1gainattitudinal: gain - loss (cf. jinga, selne'u, prali, cirko)
.uAsumti whetherlogical connective: sumti afterthought whether-or-not
.onaiA*sumti xorlogical connective: sumti afterthought exclusive or; Latin 'aut'
.oiro'uUI*1sexual complaintattitudinal: sexual complaint
.oiro'oUI*1physical painattitudinal: physical complaint
.oiro'iUI*1anxietyattitudinal: emotional complaint
.oiro'eUI*1puzzlementattitudinal: mental complaint (puzzlement, excess mental work)
.oiro'aUI*1embarrassmentattitudinal: social complaint
.oire'eUI*1spiritual complaintattitudinal: spiritual/religious complaint
.oinaiUI*1pleasureattitudinal: complaint - pleasure
.oiUI1complaintattitudinal: complaint - pleasure (cf. pante, pluka, kufra)
.obuBY*oletteral for o
.o'unaiUI*1stressattitudinal: relaxation - composure - stress
.o'ucu'iUI*1composureattitudinal: relaxation - composure - stress
.o'uUI1relaxationattitudinal: relaxation - composure - stress (cf. surla, cnilanxe, dunku)
.o'onaiUI*1angerattitudinal: patience - mere tolerance - anger
.o'ocu'iUI*1mere toleranceattitudinal: patience - mere tolerance - anger
.o'oUI1patienceattitudinal: patience - mere tolerance - anger (cf. fengu, to'ersteba, de'acni
.o'inaiUI*1rashnessattitudinal: caution - rashness
.o'iUI1cautionattitudinal: caution - rashness (cf. capyrivbi, capfanta, srerivbi, srefanta, naldarsi, seljde)
.o'enaiUI*1distanceattitudinal: closeness - distance
.o'eUI1closenessattitudinal: closeness - distance (cf. cnijbi, cnikansa)
.o'anaiUI*1shameattitudinal: pride - modesty/humility - shame
.o'acu'iUI*1modestyattitudinal: pride - modesty/humility - shame
.o'aUI1prideattitudinal: pride - modesty/humility - shame (cf. jgira, cumla, ckeji)
.oAsumti ifflogical connective: sumti afterthought biconditional/iff/if-and-only-if
.iunaiUI*1hatredattitudinal: love - no love lost - hatred
.iucu'iUI*1no love lostattitudinal: love - no love lost - hatred
.iuUI1loveattitudinal: love - no love lost - hatred (cf. prami)
.ionaiUI*1disrespectattitudinal: respect - disrespect
.ioUI1respectattitudinal: respect - disrespect (cf. sinma)
.inajaJA*sentence only iflogical connective: sentence afterthought conditional/only if
.ijuJA*sentence whetherlogical connective: sentence afterthought whether-or-not
.ijonaiJA*sentence xorlogical connective: sentence afterthought exclusive or; Latin 'aut'
.ijoJA*sentence ifflogical connective: sentence afterthought biconditional/iff/if-and-only-if
.ijenaiJA*sentence but notlogical connective: sentence afterthought x but not y
.ije'iJA*sentence conn ?logical connective: sentence afterthought conn question
.ijeJA*sentence andlogical connective: sentence afterthought and
.ijanaiJA*sentence iflogical connective: sentence afterthought: (preceding sentence) if this sentence
.ijaJA*sentence orlogical connective: sentence afterthought or
.iinaiUI*1securityattitudinal: fear - security
.iiUI1fearattitudinal: fear - security (cf. terpa, snura)
.ienaiUI*1disagreementattitudinal: agreement - disagreement
.ieUI1agreementattitudinal: agreement - disagreement (cf. tugni)
.ibuBY*iletteral for i
.ianaiUI*1disbeliefattitudinal: belief - skepticism - disbelief
.iacu'iUI*1skepticismattitudinal: belief - skepticism - disbelief
.iaUI1beliefattitudinal: belief - skepticism - disbelief (cf. krici, jinvi)
.i'unaiUI*1mysteryattitudinal: familiarity - mystery
.i'uUI1familiarityattitudinal: familiarity - mystery (cf. slabu, nalni'o, kufra)
.i'onaiUI*1envyattitudinal: appreciation - envy
.i'oUI1appreciationattitudinal: appreciation - envy (cf. ckire, jilra)
.i'inaiUI*1privacyattitudinal: togetherness - privacy
.i'iUI1togethernessattitudinal: togetherness - privacy (cf. kansa, gumna, sivni, sepli)
.i'enaiUI*1disapprovalattitudinal: approval - non-approval - disapproval
.i'ecu'iUI*1non-approvalattitudinal: approval - non-approval - disapproval
.i'eUI1approvalattitudinal: approval - non-approval - disapproval (cf. zanru)
.i'anaiUI*1blameattitudinal: acceptance - blame
.i'aUI1acceptanceattitudinal: acceptance - blame (cf. nalna'e, nalpro, no'epro, nalzugjdi)
.iIsentence linksentence link/continuation; continuing sentences on same topic; normally elided for new speakers
.enaiA*sumti but notlogical connective: sumti afterthought x but not y
.einaiUI*1freedomattitudinal: obligation - freedom
.eiUI1obligationattitudinal: obligation - freedom (cf. bilga, zifre)
.ebuBY*eletteral for e
.e'unaiUI*1warningattitudinal: suggestion - abandon suggest - warning
.e'ucu'iUI*1abandon suggestionattitudinal: suggestion - abandon suggest - warning
.e'uUI1suggestionattitudinal: suggestion - abandon suggest - warning (cf. stidi, kajde)
.e'onaiUI*1negative requestattitudinal: request - negative request
.e'oUI1requestattitudinal: request - negative request (cf. cpedu, pikci)
.e'inaiUI*1challengeattitudinal: feeling constraint - independence - challenge/resistance against constraint
.e'icu'iUI*1independenceattitudinal: feeling constraint - independence - challenge/resistance against constraint
.e'iUI1constraintattitudinal: feeling constraint - independence - challenge/resistance against constraint (cf. selri'u, seljimte)
.e'enaiUI*1incompetenceattitudinal: competence - incompetence/inability
.e'eUI1competenceattitudinal: competence - incompetence/inability (cf. kakne, certu)
.e'anaiUI*1prohibitionattitudinal: permission - prohibition
.e'aUI1permissionattitudinal: granting permission - prohibiting (cf. curmi)
.eAsumti andlogical connective: sumti afterthought and
.aunaiUI*1reluctanceattitudinal: desire - indifference - reluctance
.aucu'iUI*1indifferenceattitudinal: desire - indifference - reluctance
.auUI1desireattitudinal: desire - indifference - reluctance (cf. djica)
.ainaiUI*1refusalattitudinal: intent - indecision - rejection/refusal
.aicu'iUI*1indecisionattitudinal: intent - indecision - rejection/refusal
.aiUI1intentattitudinal: intent - indecision - rejection/refusal (cf. termu'i, terzu'e, seljdi, selcu'a)
.abuBY*aletteral for a
.a'unaiUI*1repulsionattitudinal: interest - disinterest - repulsion
.a'ucu'iUI*1disinterestattitudinal: interest - disinterest - repulsion
.a'uUI1interestattitudinal: interest - disinterest - repulsion (cf. cinri, selcni)
.a'onaiUI*1despairattitudinal: hope - despair
.a'oUI1hopeattitudinal: hope - despair (cf. pacna)
.a'inaiUI*1reposeattitudinal: effort - no special effort - repose
.a'icu'iUI*1no special effortattitudinal: effort - no special effort - repose
.a'iUI1effortattitudinal: effort - no special effort - repose (cf. gunka, slunandu, guksurla, troci, selprogunka)
.a'enaiUI*1exhaustionattitudinal: alertness - exhaustion
.a'eUI1alertnessattitudinal: alertness - exhaustion (cf. sanji, cikna, tatpi)
.a'anaiUI*1avoidingattitudinal: attentive - inattentive - avoiding
.a'acu'iUI*1inattentiveattitudinal: attentive - inattentive - avoiding
.a'aUI1attentiveattitudinal: attentive - inattentive - avoiding (cf. jundi, rivbi)
.aAsumti orlogical connective: sumti afterthought or
zyBY2zletteral for z
zu'unaiUI*3on the other handdiscursive: on the one hand - on the other hand
zu'uUI3on the one handdiscursive: on the one hand - on the other hand (cf. karbi, frica. dukti)
du'uNUbridi abstractabstractor: predication/bridi abstractor; x1 is predication [bridi] expressed in sentence x2
jeiNUtruth abstractabstractor: truth-value abstractor; x1 is truth value of [bridi] under epistemology x2
kaNUproperty abstractabstractor: property/quality abstractor (-ness); x1 is quality/property exhibited by [bridi]
li'iNUexperience abstractabstractor: experience abstractor; x1 is x2's experience of [bridi] (participant or observer)
mu'eNU1point-event abstractabstractor: achievement (event) abstractor; x1 is the event-as-a-point/achievement of [bridi]
niNUamount abstractabstractor: quantity/amount abstractor; x1 is quantity/amount of [bridi] measured on scale x2
nuNUevent abstractabstractor: generalized event abstractor; x1 is state/process/achievement/activity of [bridi]
pu'uNU1process abstractabstractor: process (event) abstractor; x1 is process of [bridi] proceeding in stages x2
sedu'uNU*sentence abstractcompound abstractor: sentence/equation abstract; x1 is text expressing [bridi] which is x2
si'oNUconcept abstractabstractor: idea/concept abstractor; x1 is x2's concept of [bridi]
su'uNUunspecif abstractabstractor: generalized abstractor (how); x1 is [bridi] as a non-specific abstraction of type x2
za'iNU1state abstractabstractor: state (event) abstractor; x1 is continuous state of [bridi] being true
zu'oNU1activity abstractabstractor: activity (event) abstractor; x1 is abstract activity of [bridi] composed of x2
zu'oNU1activity abstractabstractor: activity (event) abstractor; x1 is abstract activity of [bridi] composed of x2
zu'iKOhA7typical itpro-sumti: the typical sumti value for this place in this relationship; affects truth value
zu'eBAIwith actorzukte modal, 1st place (purposed agent) with goal-seeking actor …
zu'aFAhA2on the left oflocation tense relation/direction; leftwards/to the left of …
zuZIlong timetime tense distance: long distance in time
zoiZOInon-Lojban quotedelimited non-Lojban quotation; the result treated as a block of text
zo'uZOhUend prenexmarks end of logical prenex quantifiers/topic identification and start of sentence bridi
zo'onaiUI*5seriouslyattitudinal modifier: humorously - dully - seriously
zo'ocu'iUI*5dullyattitudinal modifier: humorously - dully - seriously
zo'obuBY*smiley faceletteral: humor symbol, ":-)" and its related forms expressing humor (letteral)
zo'oUI5humorouslyattitudinal modifier: humorously - dully - seriously (cf. xajmi, junri)
zo'iFAhA4inwardlocation tense relation/direction; nearer than …/inward/approaching from …
zo'eKOhA7unspecif itpro-sumti: an elliptical/unspecified value; has some value which makes bridi true
zo'aFAhA4tangential tolocation tense relation/direction; tangential to/passing by …
zoZO1-word quotequote next word only; quotes a single Lojban word (not a cmavo compound or tanru)
zi'oKOhA7nonexistent itpro-sumti: fills a sumti place, deleting it from selbri place structure;changes selbri semantics
zi'eZIhErel clause joinerjoins relative clauses which apply to the same sumti
ziZIshort timetime tense distance: instantaneous-to-short distance in time
zenonoPA*700number/quantity: 700 [seven hundred]
zenoPA*70number/quantity: 70 [seventy]
zemoiMOI*is seventh amongquantified selbri: convert 7 to ordinal selbri; x1 is seventh among x2 ordered by rule x3
zeki'oPA*7,000number/quantity: 7,000 expressed with comma
zeiZEIlujvo gluejoins preceding and following words into a lujvo
ze'uZEhAlong time intervaltime tense interval: a long amount of time
ze'oFAhA4outwardlocation tense relation/direction; beyond/outward/receding from …
ze'iZEhAshort time intervaltime tense interval: an instantaneous/tiny/short amount of time
ze'eZEhAwhole time intervaltime tense interval: the whole of time
ze'apuZEhA*for a while beforetime tense: a medium time interval offset towards the past; (tense/modal)
ze'acaZEhA*for a while duringtime tense: a medium time interval spanning the present; (tense/modal)
ze'abaZEhA*for a while aftertime tense: a medium time interval offset towards the future; (tense/modal)
ze'aZEhAmedium time intervaltime tense interval: a medium length of time
zePA17digit/number: 7 (digit) [seven]
zauBAIapproved byzanru modal, 1st place approved by …
zaiLAUselect alphabet2-word letteral/shift: alternate alphabet selector follows
za'uPA3greater thandigit/number: greater than
za'oZAhOsuperfectiveinterval event contour: continuing too long after natural end of …; superfective | ---->
za'iNU1state abstractabstractor: state (event) abstractor; x1 is continuous state of [bridi] being true
za'eBAhEnonce-word nextforethought nonce-word indicator; indicates next word is nonce-creation and may be nonstandard
za'aUI2I observeevidential: I observe (cf. zgana, lanli)
zaZImedium timetime tense distance: medium distance in time
xyBY2xletteral for x
xuUI6true-false ?discursive: true-false question
xoPA5number ?digit/number: number/digit/lerfu question
xiXIsubscriptsubscript; attaches a numer of letteral string following as a subscript onto grammar structures
xeka'aBAI*by transport modeklama modal, 5th place by transport mode …
xebe'iBAI*transmitted viabenji modal, 5th place (medium) transmitted via …
xeSE5th conversion5th conversion; switch 1st/5th places
xavoki'oPA*64,000number/quantity: 64,000 expressed with comma
xanonoPA*600number/quantity: 600 [six hundred]
xanoPA*60number/quantity: 60 [sixty]
xamoiMOI*is sixth amongquantified selbri: convert 6 to ordinal selbri; x1 is sixth among x2 ordered by rule x3
xaki'oPA*6,000number/quantity: 6,000 expressed with comma
xaPA16digit/number: 6 (digit) [six]
vyBY2vletteral for v
vu'uVUhU1minusn-ary mathematical operator: minus; subtraction operator; [(((a - b) - c) - …)]
vu'oVUhOlong scope relativejoins relative clause/phrase to complete complex or logically connected sumti in afterthought
vu'iLAhEthe sequence ofsumti qualifier: the sequence made from set or composed of elements/components; order is vague
vu'enaiUI*5sinattitudinal modifier: virtue - sin
vu'eUI5virtueattitudinal modifier: virtue - sin (cf. vrude, zungi)
vu'aFAhA1west oflocation tense relation/direction; west of
vuVAyonder atlocation tense distance: far from … ; yonder at … ; a long distance from …
vononoPA*400number/quantity: 400 [four hundred]
vonoPA*40number/quantity: 40 [forty]
vomoiMOI*is fourth amongquantified selbri: convert 4 to ordinal selbri; x1 is fourth among x2 ordered by rule x3
voki'oPA*4,000number/quantity: 4,000 expressed with comma
voiNOIdescriptive clausenon-veridical restrictive clause used to form complicated le-like descriptions using "ke'a"
vo'uKOhA4x5 itpro-sumti: repeats 5th place of main bridi of this sentence
vo'oKOhA4x4 itpro-sumti: repeats 4th place of main bridi of this sentence
vo'iKOhA4x3 itpro-sumti: repeats 3rd place of main bridi of this sentence
vo'eKOhA4x2 itpro-sumti: repeats 2nd place of main bridi of this sentence
vo'aKOhA4x1 itpro-sumti: repeats 1st place of main bridi of this sentence
voPA14digit/number: 4 (digit) [four]
vi'uVIhA3-space intervaldimensionality of space interval tense: 3-space interval; throughout a space
vi'oCOIwilcovocative: wilco (ack and will comply)
vi'iVIhA1-space intervaldimensionality of space interval tense: 1-space interval; along a line
vi'eVIhA4-space intervaldimensionality of space interval tense: 4-space interval; throughout a spacetime
vi'aVIhA2-space intervaldimensionality of space interval tense: 2-space interval; throughout an area
vi maVA*where?sumti question asking for a location: at/near what?
viVAhere atlocation tense distance: here at … ; at or a very short/tiny distance from …
veti'uBAI*time at locationtcika modal, 4th place (for letters) as a time at location …
vetaiBAI*similar in propertytamsmi modal, 4th place similarly; sharing ideal form in property … (x1 resembles x2 sharing ideal form/shape x3 in property x4)
veraiBAI*superlative amongtraji modal, 4th place (set) -est; most extremely; superlative among …
vepu'eBAI*passing thru stagespruce modal, 4th place (set of stages) passing through processing stages …
vepa'aBAI*similar by standardpanra modal, 4nd place (standard/geometry) similarly; similar by standard …
veme'aBAI*less by amountmleca modal, 4th place (relative!) less than by amount …
vemauBAI*more by amountzmadu modal, 4th place (relative!) more than/exceeding by amount …
veka'aBAI*via routeklama modal, 4th place via route …
veiVEIleft bracketleft mathematical bracket
vega'aBAI*observed underzgana modal, 4th place (under conditions) observed under observing conditions …
vefi'eBAI*created fromfinti modal, 4th place creatively; created from ideas/elements …
vedu'oBAI*under epistemologydjuno modal, 4th place under epistemology …
vede'iBAI*on date by calendardetri modal, 4th place on a date according to calendar …
vecu'uBAI*expressed in mediumcusku modal, 4th place in expression medium …
veci'eBAI*with synergy inciste modal, 4th place as a system with synergy in …
vebe'iBAI*transmit originbenji modal, 4th place transmit origin …
ve'uVEhAbig space intervallocation tense interval: a large region of space
ve'oVEhOright bracketright mathematical bracket
ve'iVEhAtiny space intervallocation tense interval: a tiny region of space
ve'eVEhAwhole space intervallocation tense interval: the whole of space
ve'aVEhAsmall space intervallocation tense interval: a small/medium region of space
veSE4th conversion4th conversion; switch 1st/4th places
vauVAUend simple bridielidable: end of sumti in simple bridi; in compound bridi, separates common trailing sumti
vaiPA2hex digit Fdigit/number: hex digit F (decimal 15) [fifteen]
va'uBAIbenefiting fromxamgu modal, 1st place beneficiary case tag complement benefiting from …
va'oBAIunder conditionsvanbi modal, 1st place (conditions 1) under conditions …; in environment …
va'inaiUI*3in the same wordsdiscursive: in other words - in the same words
va'iUI3in other wordsdiscursive: in other words - in the same words (cf. cneselsku)
va'eMOIscalar selbriconvert number to scalar selbri; x1 is at (n)th position on scale x2
va'aVUhU3additive inverseunary mathematical operator: additive inverse; [- a]
vaVAthere atlocation tense distance: near to … ; there at …; a medium/small distance from …
tyBY2tletteral for t
tu'uTUhUend text scopeelidable terminator: end multiple utterance scope; seldom elidable
tu'oPA5null operanddigit/number: null operand (used in unary operations); a non-specific/elliptical number
tu'iBAIassociated with sitestuzi modal, 1st place (used to situate letters) associated with site … ; label with location
tu'eTUhEstart text scopestart of multiple utterance scope; used for logical/non-logical/ordinal joining of sentences
tu'aLAhEthe bridi implied byextracts a concrete sumti from an unspecified abstraction; equivalent to le nu/su'u [sumti] co'e
tuKOhA6that yonderpro-sumti: that yonder; distant demonstrative it; indicated thing far from speaker and listener
toiTOIend parenthesiselidable terminator: right parenthesis/end unquote; seldom elidable except at end of text
to'unaiUI*3in detaildiscursive: in brief - in detail
to'uUI3in briefdiscursive: in brief - in detail (cf. tordu, clani, tcidu)
to'oFAhA4away from pointlocation tense relation/direction; departing from/directly away from …
to'iTOeditorial unquoteopen editorial unquote (within a quote); contains grammatical text; mark with editorial insert
to'eNAhEpolar oppositepolar opposite scalar negator
to'aBY1lower-case shiftlower-case letteral shift
toTOstart parenthesisleft parenthesis; start of parenthetical note which must be grammatical Lojban text
ti'uBAIassociated with timetcika modal, 1st place (for letters) associated with time … ; attach time stamp
ti'oSEImex precedencemathematical expression (mex) operator precedence (discursive)
ti'iBAIsuggested bystidi modal, 1st place suggested by …; proposed by …
ti'eUI2I hearevidential: I hear (hearsay) (cf. tirna, sitna, tcidu)
ti'aFAhA2behindlocation tense relation/direction; rearwards/to the rear of …
tiKOhA6this herepro-sumti: this here; immediate demonstrative it; indicated thing/place near speaker
tezu'eBAI*with goalzukte modal, 3rd place purposefully; (as an action) with goal …
teva'uBAI*goodness standardxamgu modal, 3rd place good/beneficial by standard …
teti'uBAI*time on daytcika modal, 3rd place (for letters) as a time on day …
teti'iBAI*suggested tostidi modal, 3rd place suggestively; suggested to …
tetaiBAI*sharing ideal formtamsmi modal, 3rd place similarly; sharing common ideal form … (x1 resembles x2 sharing ideal form/shape x3 in property x4)
teta'iBAI*method conditionstadji modal, 3rd place methodically doing (something) under conditions …
tesi'uBAI*assisting insidju modal, 3rd place assisting in doing/maintaining/achieving …
tesauBAI*necessarily undersarcu modal, 3rd place (conditions 2) necessarily; necessarily under …
teri'aBAI*causal conditionsrinka modal, 2nd place (phys./mental) causally under conditions …
teraiBAI*at extremetraji modal, 3rd place (superlative) -est; most extremely; at extreme …
tepu'eBAI*processing intopruce modal, 3rd place (outputs) processing into outputs …
tepu'aBAI*pleasing conditionspluka modal, 3rd place pleasingly; being pleasing under conditions …
tepo'iBAI*ordering itemsporsi modal, 3rd place sequentially; as an order on set of items …
tepi'oBAI*usage for purposepilno modal, 3rd place (instrumental) a tool usage for purpose …
tepa'aBAI*contrasting propertypanra modal, 3rd place (property) contrastingly; contrasting in property …
teni'iBAI*under logic systemnibli modal, 3rd place entailment under logic system …
temu'uBAI*example out oof setmupli modal, 3rd place as an example out of the set of …
temu'iBAI*motive of personmukti modal, 3rd place motivated/motivating per the volition of …
teme'eBAI*as a name used bycmene modal, 3rd place as a name used by …
teme'aBAI*less in propertymleca modal, 3rd place (relative!) less than in property …
temauBAI*more in propertyzmadu modal, 3rd place (relative!) more than/exceeding in property …
tema'iBAI*rules of standardmanri modal, 3rd place (of reference) observed/measured with/by rules …
tema'eBAI*in material formmarji modal, 3rd place in material form …
teli'eBAI*ordered in sequencelidne modal, 3rd place ordered within sequence …; non-time sequence
tele'aBAI*defined by qualityklesi modal, 3rd place (category) defined by quality …
tela'uBAI*measured on scaleklani modal, 3rd place quantity measured on scale …
tekoiBAI*borderingkorbi modal, 3rd place (bounding) bordering …
teki'iBAI*with relationckini modal, 3rd place with relation …
teka'iBAI*representing inkrati modal, 2nd place representingly; representing in matter…
teka'aBAI*with originklama modal, 3rd place with origin …
teji'oBAI*controlling eventjitro modal, 3rd place controlledly; controlling event …
teji'eBAI*limited in propertyjimte modal, 3rd place limitedly; limited in property/domain …
teja'iBAI*by rule withinjavni modal, 3rd place orderly; by rule within system …
teiTEIcomposite lerfucomposite letteral follows; used for muti-character letterals
tega'aBAI*observed by meanszgana modal, 3rd place observed by means …
tefi'eBAI*created for purposefinti modal, 3rd place creatively; created for purpose …
tedu'oBAI*knowing aboutdjuno modal, 3rd place knowingly; knowing about …
tedu'iBAI*equal in propertydunli modal, 3rd place equally; equal in property …
tedi'oBAI*at locus within rangediklo modal, 3rd place locally; at specific locus within range …
tede'iBAI*on date at locationdetri modal, 3rd place on a date measured at location …
tecu'uBAI*as told tocusku modal, 3rd place (3rd party hearsay) as told to …
teci'oBAI*emoting aboutcinmo modal, 3rd place (attitude about) emotionally; emoting about …
teci'eBAI*of system componentsciste modal, 3rd place of system components …
teca'iBAI*basis for authoritycatni modal, 3rd place authoritatively; with basis of authority …
tebe'iBAI*sent tobenji modal, 3rd place (source) sent to receiver …
tebauBAI*expressingbangu modal, 3rd place (expression) language expressing …
te'uTEhUend mex converterselidable terminator: end conversion between non-mex and mex; usually elidable
te'oPA5exponential edigit/number: exponential e (approx 2.71828…)
te'eFAhA3borderinglocation tense relation/direction; edged by/edging up to …
te'aVUhU2to the powerbinary mathematical operator: to the power; exponential; [a to the b power]
teSE3rd conversion3rd conversion; switch 1st/3rd places
tauLAUshift next lerfu2-word letteral/shift: change case for next letteral only
taiBAIin formtamsmi modal, 1st place (like)/(in manner 2) resembling …; sharing ideal form … (x1 resembles x2 sharing ideal form/shape x3 in property x4)
ta'unaiUI*3aexpanding the tanrudiscursive: making a tanru - expanding the tanru
ta'uUI3amaking a tanrudiscursive: making a tanru - expanding the tanru (cf. tanru)
ta'onaiUI*3return to main pointdiscursive: by the way - returning to main point
ta'oUI3by the waydiscursive: by the way - returning to main point (cf. denpa, cneterta'a)
ta'i maBAI*by what method?sumti question asking for a method; how?
ta'iBAIby methodtadji modal, 1st place (in manner 3) methodically; by method …
ta'enaiTAhE*non-habituallytense interval modifier: non-habitually; subjective tense/modal; defaults as time tense
ta'eTAhEhabituallytense interval modifier: habitually; subjective tense/modal; defaults as time tense
ta'aCOIinterruptionvocative: interruption
taKOhA6that therepro-sumti: that there; nearby demonstrative it; indicated thing/place near listener
syBY2sletteral for s
su'uNUunspecif abstractabstractor: generalized abstractor (how); x1 is [bridi] as a non-specific abstraction of type x2
su'oremoiMOI*is at least secondquantified selbri: convert at least 2 to ordinal selbri; x1 is at-least-2nd among x2 by rule x3
su'oremeiMOI*is pluralquantified selbri: convert at least 2 to cardinal selbri; x1 is a set with plural membership x2
su'oPA4at leastdigit/number: at least (some); no less than
su'iVUhU1plusn-ary mathematical operator: plus; addition operator; [(((a + b) + c) + …)]
su'ePA4at mostdigit/number: at most (all); no more than
su'anaiUI*2I particularizeevidential: I generalize - I particularize; discursive: abstractly - concretely
su'aUI2I generalizeevidential: I generalize - I particularize; discursive: abstractly - concretely (cf. sucta, sucni'i)
suSUerase discourseerase to start of discourse or text; drop subject or start over
sozepimuPA*97.5number/quantity: 97.5
sosoce'iPA*99 percentnumber/quantity: 99% (number)
sononoPA*900number/quantity: 900 [nine hundred]
sonoPA*90number/quantity: 90 [ninety]
somoiMOI*is ninth amongquantified selbri: convert 9 to ordinal selbri; x1 is ninth among x2 ordered by rule x3
soki'oPA*9,000number/quantity: 9,000 expressed with comma
soiSOIreciprocal sumtidiscursive: reciprocal sumti marker; indicates a reciprocal relationship between sumti
so'uroiROI*a few timestense interval modifier: a few times; objective tense; defaults as time tense
so'uPA4fewdigit/number: few
so'oPA4severaldigit/number: several
so'iroiROI*many timestense interval modifier: many times; objective tense; defaults as time tense
so'imeiMOI*is a bunchquantified selbri: convert many to cardinal; x1 is a set with many members x2 of total set x3
so'iPA4manydigit/number: many
so'eroiROI*usuallytense interval modifier: usually; objectively quantified tense; defaults as time tense
so'ePA4mostdigit/number: most
so'aPA4almost alldigit/number: almost all (digit/number)
soPA19digit/number: 9 (digit) [nine]
slaka buBY*close-commaletteral: Lojban "," character
si'uBAIaided bysidju modal, 1st place (aiding agent) aided by …
si'oNUconcept abstractabstractor: idea/concept abstractor; x1 is x2's concept of [bridi]
si'iVUhU4sigma summationtrinary mathematical operator: [sigma summation of a using variable b over range c]
si'eMOIportion selbriconvert number to portion selbri; x1 is an (n)th portion of mass/totality x2; (cf. gunma)
si'aUI3bsimilarlydiscursive: similarly (cf. simsa, panra)
siSIerase worderase the last Lojban word, treating non-Lojban text as a single word
sezu'eBAI*goalfully acting atzukte modal, 2nd place purposefully; goalfully acting at …
sezauBAI*approvingzanru modal, 2nd place approvingly; approving …
seva'uBAI*with beneficiaryxamgu modal, 2nd place beneficiary case tag for the benefit of…; with beneficiary …
seva'oBAI*as conditions forvanbi modal, 2nd place (environment) as conditions/environment of/for …
setu'iBAI*as a location ofstuzi modal, 2nd place as a location of …
seti'uBAI*at the same time astcika modal, 2nd place (for letters) at the same time as … ; label with event
seti'iBAI*suggestingstidi modal, 2nd place suggestively; suggesting (idea/action) …
setaiBAI*as a form oftamsmi modal, 2nd place similarly; resembling … (in ideal form) (x1 resembles x2 sharing ideal form/shape x3 in property x4)
seta'iBAI*as a method fortadji modal, 2nd place methodically; as a method for doing …
sesi'uBAI*assistingsidju modal, 2nd place assisting … (in doing/maintaining something)
sesauBAI*necessary forsarcu modal, 2nd place (process) necessarily; necessary for …
seri'iBAI*experiencinglifri modal, 2nd place experiencing …; undergoing …
seri'anaiBAI*causal neverthelessrinka modal, 2nd place (phys./mental) causal nevertheless …
seri'aBAI*causal thereforerinka modal, 2nd place (phys./mental) causal therefore …
seraiBAI*superlative intraji modal, 2nd place (property) -est; most extremely; superlative in …
sera'iBAI*as an origin ofkrasi modal, 2nd place originally; as an origin/starting point of …
sera'aBAI*concerningsrana modal, 2nd place (pertaining to) relevantly; concerning … (less specific)
sepu'eBAI*processing frompruce modal, 2nd place (inputs) processing from inputs …
sepu'aBAI*in order to pleasepluka modal, 2nd place (for) pleasingly; pleasing …; in order to please …
sepo'iBAI*sequenced by rulesporsi modal, 2nd place sequentially; sequenced by rules …
sepi'oBAI*using toolpilno modal, 2nd place (instrumental) tool/machine/apparatus/acting entity; using (tool) …
sepa'uBAI*as a part ofpagbu modal, 2nd place (whole) partially; as a part of …
sepa'aBAI*similar topanra modal, 2nd place similarly; similar to …
seni'inaiBAI*entails neverthelessnibli modal, 2nd place entails nevertheless …
seni'iBAI*entails thereforenibli modal, 2nd place entails therefore …
semu'uBAI*example of propertymupli modal, 2nd place as an example of property …
semu'inaiBAI*motive neverthelessmukti modal, 2nd place motive nevertheless …
semu'iBAI*motive thereforemukti modal, 2nd place motive therefore …; motivating action …
seme'eBAI*as a name forcmene modal, 2nd place (the named one) as a name for …
seme'anaiBAI*not less thanmleca modal, 2nd place (relative!) not less than …; usually a sumti modifier
seme'aBAI*less thanmleca modal, 2nd place (relative!) less than …; usually a sumti modifier
semaunaiBAI*not more thanzmadu modal, 2nd place (relative!) not more than …; usually a sumti modifier
semauBAI*more thanzmadu modal, 2nd place (relative!) more than …; usually a sumti modifier
sema'iBAI*as a standard formanri modal, 2nd place (of reference) as a reference standard for observing …
sema'eBAI*made of materialmarji modal, 2nd place made of material/composition …
seli'eBAI*precedinglidne modal, 2nd place preceding …;leading … ; non-time sequence
sele'aBAI*as a category ofklesi modal, 2nd place as a category of/within …
sela'uBAI*in quantityklani modal, 2nd place in quantity …; measured as …
seku'uBAI*in culture ofkulnu modal, 2nd place (people) in culture of …
sekoiBAI*as boundary ofkorbi modal, 2nd place (bounding) as boundary of …
seki'unaiBAI*reason neverthelesskrinu modal, 2nd place reason nevertheless …
seki'uBAI*reason thereforekrinu modal, 2nd place reason therefore …
seki'iBAI*related tockini modal, 2nd place (same as 1st) related to …
sekai maBAI*which kind?sumti question asking for a characteristic property/quality; which?
sekaiBAI*with propertyckaji modal, 2nd place (quality) characterized by …; with property …
seka'iBAI*on behalf ofkrati modal, 2nd place representingly; on behalf of …
seka'aBAI*with destinationklama modal, 2nd place with destination …
seji'uBAI*supportingjicmu modal, 2nd place (from basis) supporting …; as a basis for …
seji'oBAI*controlling aspectsjitro modal, 2nd place controlledly; controlling/guiding aspects …
seji'eBAI*as a limit ofjimte modal, 2nd place limitedly; as a limit of …
seja'iBAI*by rule prescribingjavni modal, 2nd place orderly; by rule prescribing …
seja'enaiBAI*results despitejalge modal, 2nd place (event causal) results despite …
seja'eBAI*results becausejalge modal, 2nd place (event causal) results because of …
seiSEIdiscursive bridistart discursive (metalinguistic) bridi
segauBAI*as agent in doinggasnu modal, 2nd place actor/agent case complement; actively; as active agent in doing …
sega'aBAI*observingzgana modal, 2nd place observing …
sefi'eBAI*creating workfinti modal, 2nd place creatively; creating work …
sefa'eBAI*in reversal offatne modal, 2nd place (same as 1st); backwards; in reversal of …
sedu'uNU*sentence abstractcompound abstractor: sentence/equation abstract; x1 is text expressing [bridi] which is x2
sedu'oBAI*knowing factsdjuno modal, 2nd place knowingly; knowing facts …
sedu'iBAI*equal todunli modal, 2nd place (same as 1st); equal to … [same as 1st place modal]
sedi'oBAI*at specific locusdiklo modal, 2nd place locally; at specific locus …
sede'iBAI*on the same date asdetri modal, 2nd place (for letters) on the same date as … ; label with event
secu'uBAI*expressingcusku modal, 2nd place (saying) expressively; expressing …
seci'uBAI*on scale measuringckilu modal, 2nd place used in scalar negation on scale measuring …
seci'oBAI*emotingcinmo modal, 2nd place (shows attitude) emotionally; emoting …
seci'eBAI*with system functionciste modal, 2nd place with system function …
secauBAI*withoutclaxu modal, 2nd place (lacking) without …
seca'iBAI*with authority overcatni modal, 2nd place authoritatively; with authority over …
sebe'iBAI*transmittingbenji modal, 2nd place (message/cargo) transmitting …
sebauBAI*in language ofbangu modal, 2nd place (speakers) in language of speakers …
sebaiBAI*compellingbapli modal, 2nd place (forcing result) compelling event …
seba'iBAI*instead ofbasti modal, 2nd place instead of …
se'uSEhUend discursiveelidable terminator: end discursive bridi or mathematical precedence;usually elidable
se'oUI2I know internallyevidential: I know by internal experience (dream, vision, or personal revelation) (cf. senva)
se'inaiUI*5other-orientedattitudinal modifier: self-oriented - other-oriented
se'iUI5self-orientedattitudinal modifier: self-oriented - other-oriented (cf. sevzi, drata)
se'eBY1character codefollowing digits code a character (in ASCII, Unicode, etc.)
se'anaiUI*5dependencyattitudinal modifier: self-sufficiency - dependency
se'aUI5self-sufficiencyattitudinal modifier: self-sufficiency - dependency (cf. sezysei, kantcu)
seSE2nd conversion2nd conversion; switch 1st/2nd places
sauBAIrequiringsarcu modal, 1st place requiring …
saiCAIstrong emotionattitudinal: moderate intensity attitude modifier
sa'unaiUI*3elaboratingdiscursive: simply - elaborating
sa'uUI3simply speakingdiscursive: simply - elaborating (cf. sampu, pluja)
sa'oVUhU4derivativetrinary mathematical operator: [derivative of a with respect to b of degree c]
sa'iVUhU4matrix of columnsn-ary mathematical operator: operands are vectors to be treated as matrix columns
sa'enaiUI*3loosely speakingdiscursive: precisely speaking - loosely speaking
sa'eUI3precisely speakingdiscursive: precisely speaking - loosely speaking (cf. satci, jibni)
sa'aUI3aeditorial insertiondiscursive: material inserted by editor/narrator (bracketed text) (cf. setca)
saSAerase utteranceerase complete or partial utterance; next word shows how much erasing to do
ryBY2rletteral for r
ru'uFAhA2surroundinglocation tense relation/direction; surrounding/annular …
ru'oBY1Cyrillic shiftshift letterals to Cyrillic alphabet
ru'inaiTAhE*occasionallytense interval modifier: occasional/intermittent/discontinuous; defaults as time tense
ru'iTAhEcontinuouslytense interval modifier: continuously; subjective tense/modal; defaults as time tense
ru'eCAIweak emotionattitudinal: weak intensity attitude modifier
ru'aUI2I postulateevidential: I postulate (cf. sruma)
ruKOhA5earlier sumtipro-sumti: a remote past sumti, before all other in-use backcounting sumti
roroiROI*alwaystense interval modifier: always; objectively quantified tense; defaults as time tense
romoiMOI*is last amongquantified selbri: is final among; convert all to ordinal selbri; x1 is last among x2, rule x3
romaiMAI*lastlydiscursive utterance ordinal: finally; last utterance ordinal
roiROIquantified tenseconverts number to an objectively quantified tense interval modifier; defaults to time tense
rodaKOhA*everythinglogically quantified universal sumti: everything (unless restricted)
ro'unaiUI*4sexual abstinenceemotion category/modifier: sexual - sexual abstinence
ro'uUI4sexualemotion category/modifier: sexual - sexual abstinence (cf. cinse)
ro'onaiUI*4denying physicalemotion category/modifier: physical - denying physical
ro'oUI4physicalemotion category/modifier: physical - denying physical (cf. xadni)
ro'inaiUI*4denying emotionemotion category/modifier: emotional - denying emotion
ro'iUI4emotionalemotion category/modifier: emotional - denying emotion (cf. cinmo)
ro'enaiUI*4mindlessemotion category/modifier: mental - mindless
ro'eUI4mentalemotion category/modifier: mental - mindless (cf. menli)
ro'anaiUI*4antisocialemotion category/modifier: social - antisocial
ro'aUI4socialemotion category/modifier: social - antisocial (cf. jikca)
roPA4eachdigit/number: each, all
ri'uFAhA2on the right oflocation tense relation/direction; rightwards/to the right of …
ri'oVUhU4integraltrinary mathematical operator: [integral of a with respect to b over range c]
ri'iBAIexperienced bylifri modal, 1st place patient/passive case tag; happens to…,experienced by…,with passive…
ri'enaiUI*5restraint of emotionattitudinal modifier: release of emotion - emotion restraint
ri'eUI5release of emotionattitudinal modifier: release of emotion - emotion restraint (cf. cniri'u, cnicru)
ri'anaiBAI*despite causerinka modal, 1st place (phys./mental) despite cause …
ri'a maBAI*with what cause?sumti question asking for a physical cause; why?
ri'aBAIbecause of causerinka modal, 1st place (phys./mental) causal because …
riKOhA5last sumtipro-sumti: the last sumti, as determined by back-counting rules
reroiROI*twicetense interval modifier; objectively quantified tense; defaults as time tense
renonoPA*200number/quantity: 200 [two hundred]
renomeiMOI*is a scorequantifier selbri: convert 20 to cardinal selbri; x1 is a set with the score of members x2
renoPA*20number/quantity: 20 [twenty]
remoiMOI*is second amongquantified selbri: convert 2 to ordinal selbri; x1 is second among x2 ordered by rule x3
remeiMOI*is a pairquantified selbri: convert 2 to cardinal selbri; x1 is a set with the pair of members x2
remaiMAI*secondlydiscursive: second utterance ordinal
reki'oPA*2,000number/quantity: 2,000 expressed with comma
reiPA2hex digit Edigit/number: hex digit E (decimal 14) [fourteen]
re'uROIordinal tenseconverts number to an objectively quantified ordinal tense interval modifier; defaults to time
re'oFAhA3adjacent tolocation tense relation/direction; adjacent to/touching/contacting …
re'inaiCOI*not ready to receivevocative: ready to receive - not ready to receive
re'iCOIready to receivevocative: ready to receive - not ready to receive
re'enaiUI*4sacrilegeemotion category/modifier: spiritual/worship - sacrilege
re'eUI4spiritualemotion category/modifier: religious/spiritual/worship - sacrilege (cf. lijda)
re'aVUhU4transposeunary mathematical operator: matrix transpose/dual; A*
rePA12digit/number: 2 (digit) [two]
raumoiMOI*is enoughth amongquantified selbri: converts enough to ordinal; x1 is enoughth among x2, order rule x3
raumeiMOI*are enoughquantified selbri: converts enough to cardinal; x1 is a set with members x2, enough by std. x3
rauPA4enoughdigit/number: enough; subjective
raiBAIwith superlativetraji modal, 1st place with superlative …
ra'unaiUI*3incidentallydiscursive: chiefly - equally - incidentally
ra'ucu'iUI*3equallydiscursive: chiefly - equally - incidentally
ra'uUI3chieflydiscursive: chiefly - equally - incidentally (cf. ralju, vajni)
ra'oRAhOpro-assign updateflag GOhA to indicate pro-assignment context updating for all pro-assigns in referenced bridi
ra'iBAIfrom sourcekrasi modal, 1st place from source/origin/starting point …
ra'ePA3repeating decimaldigit/number: repeating digits (of a decimal) follow
ra'aBAIpertained to bysrana modal, 1st place pertained to by … (generally more specific)
raKOhA5recent sumtipro-sumti: a recent sumti before the last one, as determined by back-counting rules
pyBY2pletteral for p
puzuPU*a long time beforetime tense: a long time before; (tense/modal)
puziPU*a short time beforetime tense: a short time before; (tense/modal)
puze'uPU*for an era in pasttime tense: for a long interval some time in the past; (tense/modal)
puze'iPU*for a moment in pasttime tense: for a short interval some time in the past; (tense/modal)
puze'aPU*for a period in pasttime tense: for a medium length interval some time in the past; (tense/modal)
puzaPU*a medium time beforetime tense: a medium time before; (tense/modal)
pupuPU*had earlier beentime tense: had earlier been; (tense/modal)
pujecaPU*before and duringtime tense: before and during; (tense/modal)
pujebaPU*before and aftertime tense: before and after; (tense/modal)
puca'oZAhO*was thentime tense: was then; (tense/modal)
puca'aPU*actually wastime tense: past actuality; modal aspect
pubaPU*was going totime tense: was going to; (tense/modal)
pu'uNU1process abstractabstractor: process (event) abstractor; x1 is process of [bridi] proceeding in stages x2
pu'oZAhOanticipativeinterval event contour: in anticipation of …; until … ; inchoative ----| |
pu'iCAhAcan and hasmodal aspect: can and has; demonstrated potential
pu'eBAIby processpruce modal, 1st place (in manner 1) by process …
pu'aBAIpleased bypluka modal, 1st place pleased by …
puPUbeforetime tense relation/direction: did [selbri]; before/prior to [sumti]; default past tense
poiNOIrestrictive clauserestrictive relative clause; attaches subordinate bridi with identifying information to a sumti
po'uGOIrestrictive identityrestrictive appositive phrase marker: which is the same thing as
po'oUI3buniquelydiscursive: uniquely, only, solely: the only relevant case (cf. pamei, mulno, frica)
po'iBAIin the sequenceporsi modal, 1st place (in order) sequentially; in the sequence …
po'eGOIwhich belongs torestrictive relative phrase marker: which belongs to … ; inalienable possession
poGOIis specific torestrictive relative phrase marker: which is specific to …; normal possessive physical/legal
pisu'oPA*at least some ofnumber: at least some of
piso'uroiROI*rarelytense interval modifier: rarely; objectively quantified tense; defaults as time tense
piso'uPA*a little ofnumber: a little of
piso'iroiROI*much of the timetense interval modifier: often; objectively quantified tense; defaults as time tense
piso'iPA*much ofnumber: much of
piso'aPA*almost all ofnumber: almost all of
pirosi'eMOI*is the whole ofquantified selbri: converts all-of to portion selbri; x1 is the whole portion of mass x2
piroPA*all ofnumber: all of
piresi'eMOI*is a fifth portionquantified selbri: convert .2 ⇔ 1/5 to portion selbri; x1 is 1/5 of mass/totality x2
pimucu'oMOI*has even oddsquantified selbri: convert .5 to probability selbri; event x1 has a 50/50 chance under cond. x2
pimo'aPA*too little ofnumber: too little of
piji'iPA*approximately all ofnumber: approximately all of
pidu'ePA*too much ofnumber: too much of
pi'uJOIcross productnon-logical connective: cross product; Cartesian product of sets
pi'oBAIused bypilno modal, 1st place used by …
pi'iVUhU1timesn-ary mathematical operator: times; multiplication operator; [(((a * b) * c) * …)]
pi'ePA3digit separatordigit/number:separates digits for base >16, not current standard, or variable (e.g. time, date)
pi'aVUhU4matrix of rowsn-ary mathematical operator: operands are vectors to be treated as matrix rows
piPA3decimal pointdigit/number: radix (number base) point; default decimal
peiCAIemotion ?attitudinal: attitudinal question; how do you feel about it? with what intensity?
pe'uCOIpleasevocative: please
pe'oPEhOfore mex operatorforethought flag for mathematical expression (mex) Polish (forethought) operator
pe'iUI2I opineevidential: I opine (subjective claim) (cf. jinvi)
pe'ePEhEtermset conn markmarks the following connective as joining termsets
pe'aUI3cfigurativemarks a construct as figurative (non-literal/metaphorical) speech/text
peGOIrestrictive phraserestrictive relative phrase marker: which is associated with …; loosest associative/possessive
pazePA*17number/quantity: 17 [seventeen]
paxaPA*16number/quantity: 16 [sixteen]
pavoPA*14number/quantity: 14 [fourteen]
paunaiUI*3rhetorical questiondiscursive: unreal/rhetorical question follows
pauUI3aquestion followsdiscursive: optional question premarker (cf. preti)
pasoPA*19number/quantity: 19 [nineteen]
paroiROI*oncetense interval modifier: once; objectively quantified tense; defaults as time tense
paremeiMOI*is a dozenquantified selbri: convert 12 to cardinal selbri; x1 is a set with a dozen members x2
parePA*12number/quantity: 12 [twelve]
papaPA*11number/quantity: 11 [eleven]
panonomeiMOI*is a centuryquantifier selbri: convert 100 to cardinal selbri; x1 is a set with the century of members x2
panonoPA*100number/quantity: 100 [one hundred]
panomoiMOI*is tenth amongquantified selbri: convert 10 to ordinal selbri; x1 is tenth among x2 ordered by rule x3
panomeiMOI*is a decadequantifier selbri: convert 10 to cardinal selbri; x1 is a set with the decade of members x2
panoPA*10number/quantity: 10 [ten]
pamuPA*15number/quantity: 15 [fifteen]
pamoiMOI*is first amongquantified selbri: convert 1 to ordinal selbri; x1 is first among x2 ordered by rule x3
pamo'oMAI*section 1discursive utterance ordinal: first section/chapter ordinal
pameiMOI*is singularquantified selbri: convert 1 to cardinal selbri; x1 is a set with single/sole/only member x2
pamaiMAI*firstlydiscursive: first utterance ordinal
paki'oPA*1,000number/quantity: 1,000 expressed with comma
paiPA5pidigit/number: pi (approximately 3.1416…)
paciPA*13number/quantity: 13 [thirteen]
pabiPA*18number/quantity: 18 [eighteen]
pa'uBAIhaving componentpagbu modal, 1st place having component …
pa'oFAhA3transfixinglocation tense relation/direction; transfixing/passing through …
pa'iVUhU2ratiobinary mathematical operator: ratio; [the ratio of a to b]
pa'enaiUI*3prejudicediscursive: justice - prejudice
pa'eUI3justicediscursive: justice - prejudice (cf. tcinydracu'a, tcinydrapai, vudypai)
pa'akuBAI*each respectivelysumti: explicitly marks respective use as in "THEY read THEIR (respective) books"
pa'aBAIin addition topanra modal, 1st place (parallel; shared property) similarly; in addition to …
paPA11digit/number: 1 (digit) [one]
nyBY2nletteral for n
nu'uNUhUend fore termsetelidable terminator: end forethought termset; usually elidable except with following sumti
nu'oCAhAcan but has notmodal aspect: can but has not; unrealized potential
nu'iNUhIstart fore termsetstart forethought termset construct; marks start of place structure set with logical connection
nu'enaiCOI*non-promisevocative: promise - promise release - un-promise
nu'ecu'iCOI*release from promisevocative: promise - promise release - un-promise
nu'eCOIpromisevocative: promise - promise release - un-promise
nu'aNUhAoperator to selbriconvert mathematical expression (mex) operator to a selbri/tanru component
nuNUevent abstractabstractor: generalized event abstractor; x1 is state/process/achievement/activity of [bridi]
noroiROI*nevertense interval modifier: never; objectively quantified tense; defaults as time tense
nomo'oMAI*section 0discursive utterance ordinal: zeroth section/chapter ordinal; foreword
noiNOIincidental clausenon-restrictive relative clause; attaches subordinate bridi with incidental information
nodaKOhA*nothing at alllogically quantified sumti: nothing at all (unless restricted)
no'uGOIincidental identitynon-restrictive appositive phrase marker: which incidentally is the same thing as …
no'oPA5typical valuedigit/number: typical/average value
no'iNIhOold topicdiscursive: paragraph break; resume previous topic
no'eNAhEscalar midpoint notmidpoint scalar negator: neutral point between je'a and to'e; "not really"
no'aGOhAnext outer bridipro-bridi: repeats the bridi in which this one is embedded
noPA10digit/number: 0 (digit) [zero]
ni'uPA3negative numberdigit/number: minus sign; negative number); default any negative
ni'oNIhOnew topicdiscursive: paragraph break; introduce new topic
ni'inaiBAI*despite logicnibli modal, 1st place despite logic …
ni'i maBAI*by what logic?sumti question asking for a logical proof; why?
ni'iBAIbecause of logicnibli modal, 1st place logically; logically because …
ni'eNIhEselbri to operandconvert selbri to mex operand; used to create new non-numerical quantifiers; e.g. "herd" of oxen
ni'aFAhA2belowlocation tense relation/direction; downwards/down from …
niNUamount abstractabstractor: quantity/amount abstractor; x1 is quantity/amount of [bridi] measured on scale x2
neiGOhAcurrent bridipro-bridi: repeats the current bridi
ne'uFAhA1south oflocation tense relation/direction; south of
ne'oVUhU3factorialunary mathematical operator: factorial; a!
ne'iFAhA3withinlocation tense relation/direction; within/inside of/into …
ne'aFAhA3next tolocation tense relation/direction; approximating/next to …
neGOIincidental phrasenon-restrictive relative phrase marker: which incidentally is associated with …
nauCUhEreference pointtense: refers to current space/time reference absolutely
najaJA*tanru only iflogical connective: tanru-internal afterthought conditional/only if
naiNAInegate last wordattached to cmavo to negate them; various negation-related meanings
nago'iGOhA*deny last bridiselbri: repeats preceding bridi while denying it as false; pro-assign values are unchanged
nagi'aGIhA*bridi only iflogical connective: bridi-tail afterthought conditional/only if
na.aA*sumti only iflogical connective: sumti afterthought conditional/only if
na'uNAhUselbri to operatorconvert selbri to mex operator; used to create less-used operators using le'avla, lujvo, etc.
na'onaiTAhE*atypicallytense interval modifier: atypically; subjective tense/modal; defaults as time tense
na'oTAhEtypicallytense interval modifier: characteristically/typically; tense/modal; defaults as time tense
na'iUI3ametalinguistic notdiscursive: metalinguistic negator (cf. naldra, nalmapti)
na'epu'iCAhA*has nevermodal aspect: has never, and perhaps cannot; other-than-demonstrated-ability
na'efa'aFAhA*not towards pointspace direction: not towards specified point, contrary negation; direction modal
na'eNAhEscalar contrarycontrary scalar negator: other than …; not …; a scale or set is implied
na'aBY1cancel shiftscancel all letteral shifts
naNAbridi negatorbridi contradictory negator; scope is an entire bridi; logically negates in some cmavo compounds
myBY2mletteral for m
munonoPA*500number/quantity: 500 [five hundred]
munoPA*50number/quantity: 50 [fifty]
mumoiMOI*is fifth amongquantified selbri: convert 5 to ordinal selbri; x1 is fifth among x2 ordered by rule x3
mumeiMOI*is a quintetquantifier selbri: convert 5 to cardinal selbri; x1 is a set with the quintet of members x2
muki'oPA*5,000number/quantity: 5,000 expressed with comma
mu'uBAIexemplified bymupli modal, 1st place exemplified by …
mu'onaiCOI*more to comevocative: over (response OK) - more to come
mu'oCOIovervocative: over (response OK) - more to come
mu'inaiBAI*despite motivemukti modal, 1st place despite motive …
mu'i maBAI*with what motive?sumti question asking for a motive; why?
mu'iBAIbecause of motivemukti modal, 1st place because of motive …
mu'eNU1point-event abstractabstractor: achievement (event) abstractor; x1 is the event-as-a-point/achievement of [bridi]
mu'anaiUI*3concluding examplesdiscursive: for example - omitting - end examples
mu'acu'iUI*3omitting examplesdiscursive: for example - omitting - end examples
mu'aUI3for examplediscursive: for example - omitting - end examples (cf. mupli)
muPA15digit/number: 5 (digit) [five]
moiMOIordinal selbriconvert number to ordinal selbri; x1 is (n)th member of set x2 ordered by rule x3
mo'uZAhOcompletiveinterval event contour: at the natural ending point of …; completive | >|<
mo'oMAIsection ordinalhigher-order utterance ordinal suffix; converts a number to ordinal, usually a section/chapter
mo'izu'aFAhA*leftwardslyspace motion tense: leftwardsly; to the left directional space motion
mo'izo'iFAhA*approachingspace motion tense: approaching directional space motion
mo'izo'aFAhA*passing byspace motion tense: passing by a site directional space motion
mo'ize'oFAhA*outwardslyspace motion tense: outwardsly; outward directional space motion
mo'ivu'aFAhA*westwardlyspace motion tense: westwardly; to the west directional space motion
mo'ito'oFAhA*moving away fromspace motion tense: moving away from a point directional space motion
mo'iti'aFAhA*rearwardslyspace motion tense: rearwardsly; rearwards directional space motion
mo'ite'eFAhA*moving the borderspace motion tense: moving along the border directional space motion
mo'iru'uFAhA*orbitingspace motion tense: orbiting; surrounding/annular directional space motion
mo'iri'uFAhA*rightwardlyspace motion tense: rightwardly; to the right directional space motion
mo'ire'oFAhA*alongspace motion tense: along; along a path directional space motion
mo'ipa'oFAhA*passing throughspace motion tense: passing through directional space motion
mo'ini'aFAhA*downwardlyspace motion tense: downwardly; downwards directional space motion
mo'ine'uFAhA*southwardlyspace motion tense: southwardly; to the south directional space motion
mo'ine'iFAhA*intospace motion tense: moving into directional space motion
mo'ine'aFAhA*approximatingspace motion tense: approximating; moving around the neighborhood of … space motion
mo'iga'uFAhA*upwardlyspace motion tense: upwardly; upwards directional space motion
mo'ifa'aFAhA*arriving atspace motion tense: arriving at; arriving at a point directional space motion
mo'idu'aFAhA*eastwardlyspace motion tense: eastwardly; to the east directional space motion
mo'ica'uFAhA*forwardspace motion tense: forward directional space motion
mo'ibu'uFAhA*moving to coincidespace motion tense: moving to coincide directional space motion
mo'ibe'aFAhA*northwardlyspace motion tense: northwardly; to the north directional space motion
mo'iMOhIspace motionmark motions in space-time
mo'eMOhEsumti to operandconvert sumti to mex operand; sample use in story arithmetic: [3 apples] + [3 apples] ⇔ what
mo'aroiROI*too few timestense interval modifier: too few times; objective tense; defaults as time tense
mo'aPA4too fewdigit/number: too few; subjective
moGOhAbridi ?pro-bridi: bridi/selbri/brivla question
mi'uUI3bdittodiscursive: ditto (cf. mintu)
mi'oKOhA3me and youpro-sumti: me/we the speaker(s)/author(s) and you the listener(s)
mi'iBIhIcenter-rangenon-logical interval connective: ordered components: … center, … range surrounding center
mi'enaiCOI*no, I am notself vocative: self-introduction - denial of identity; denies identity of speaker
mi'eCOIself-introductionself vocative: self-introduction - denial of identity; identifies speaker
mi'aKOhA3we, not youpro-sumti: me/we the speaker(s)/author(s) and others unspecified, but not you, the listener
miKOhA3mepro-sumti: me/we the speaker(s)/author(s); identified by self-vocative
meiMOIcardinal selbriconvert number to cardinality selbri; x1 is the mass formed from set x2 whose n member(s) are x3
me'uMEhUend sumti to selbrielidable terminator: end sumti that was converted to selbri; usually elidable
me'oLIthe mexthe mathematical expression (unevaluated); convert unevaluated mathematical expression to sumti
me'iPA3less thandigit/number: less than
me'e maBAI*with what name?sumti question asking for a name; who?; requires quoted name as an answer
me'eBAIwith namecmene modal, 1st place (requires quote) with name …; so-called …
me'aBAIundercut bymleca modal, 1st place (a lesser) undercut by … ; usually a sumti modifier
meMEsumti to selbriconvert sumti to selbri/tanru element; x1 is specific to [sumti] in aspect x2
mauBAIexceeded byzmadu modal, 1st place (a greater) exceeded by … ; usually a sumti modifier
maiMAIsentence ordinalutterance ordinal suffix; converts a number to an ordinal, such as an item or paragraph number
ma'uPA3positive numberdigit/number: plus sign; positive number; default any positive
ma'oMAhOoperand to operatorconvert letteral string or other mathematical expression (mex) operand to mex operator
ma'iBAIin reference framemanri modal, 1st place (by standard 2) in reference frame …
ma'eBAImaterial objectmarji modal, 1st place material in object/substance …
ma'aKOhA3we with youpro-sumti: me/we the speaker(s)/author(s) and you the listener(s) and others unspecified
maKOhA7sumti ?pro-sumti: sumti question (what/who/how/why/etc.); appropriately fill in sumti blank
lyBY2lletteral for l
lu'uLUhUend sumti qualifierselidable terminator: end of sumti qualifiers; usually elidable except before a sumti
lu'oLAhEthe mass composed ofthe mass composed of; converts another description type to a mass composed of the members
lu'iLAhEthe set composed ofthe set with members; converts another description type to a set of the members
lu'eLAhEthe symbol forthe symbol for (indirect discourse); uses the symbol/word(s) for a sumti as the desired sumti
lu'aLAhEthe individuals ofthe members of the set/components of the mass; converts another description type to individuals
luLUquotestart grammatical quotation; quoted text should be grammatical on its own
loiLEthe mass really isveridical descriptor: the mass of individual(s) that is(are) …
lo'uLOhUerror quotestart questionable/out-of-context quote; text should be Lojban words, but needn't be grammatical
lo'oLOhOend mex sumtielidable terminator: end math express.(mex) sumti; end mex-to-sumti conversion; usually elidable
lo'iLEthe set really isveridical descriptor: the set of those that really are …, treated as a set
lo'eLEthe typicalveridical descriptor: the typical one(s) who really is(are) …
lo'aBY1Lojban shiftshift letterals to Lojban (Roman) alphabet
loLEthe really isveridical descriptor: the one(s) that really is(are) …
li'uLIhUend quoteelidable terminator: end grammatical quotation; seldom elidable except at end of text
li'oUI3aomitted textdiscursive: omitted text (quoted material)
li'iNUexperience abstractabstractor: experience abstractor; x1 is x2's experience of [bridi] (participant or observer)
li'eBAIpreceded bylidne modal, 1st place preceded by …; non-time sequencing
li'anaiUI*3obscurelydiscursive: clearly - obscurely
li'aUI3clearlydiscursive: clearly - obscurely (cf. klina)
liLIthe numberthe number/evaluated expression; convert number/operand/evaluated math expression to sumti
levuLE*that yonderlocated descriptor: descriptive that-yonder (non-demonstrative)
leviLE*this herelocated descriptor: descriptive this-here (non-demonstrative)
levaLE*that therelocated descriptor: descriptive that-there (non-demonstrative)
letuLE*the yonder one'spossessive/associative descriptor: distant demonstrative possessive
letiLE*this one'spossessive/associative descriptor: immediate demonstrative possessive; cannot use for 'THIS …'
letaLE*that one'spossessive/associative descriptor: nearby demonstrative possessive; cannot use for 'THAT …'
lemiLE*my described aspossessive/associative descriptor: the one(s) described as, of mine
leko'aLE*it-1's described aspossessive/associative descriptor: the one(s) described as, of it-1's
leiLEthe mass describednon-veridical descriptor: the mass of individual(s) described as …
ledoLE*your described aspossessive/associative descriptor: the one(s) described as, of yours
le'uLEhUend error quoteend quote of questionable or out-of-context text; not elidable
le'onaiUI*5defensiveattitudinal modifier: aggressive - passive - defensive
le'ocu'iUI*5passiveattitudinal modifier: aggressive - passive - defensive
le'oUI5aggressiveattitudinal modifier: aggressive - passive - defensive (cf. gunta, bandu)
le'iLEthe set describednon-veridical descriptor: the set of those described as …, treated as a set
le'eLEthe stereotypicalnon-veridical descriptor: the stereotype of those described as …
le'aBAIin categoryklesi modal, 1st place (scalar set) in/of category …
le xego'iKOhA*the x5 of last brididescription pro-sumti: reuses the value of the x5 of the previous bridi
le vego'iKOhA*the x4 of last brididescription pro-sumti: reuses the value of the x4 of the previous bridi
le tego'iKOhA*the x3 of last brididescription pro-sumti: reuses the value of the x3 of the previous bridi
le sego'iKOhA*the x2 of last brididescription pro-sumti: reuses the value of the x2 of the previous bridi
le jaiviLE*the location ofdescription: marks description extracting the location place of the description bridi
le jaigauLE*the agent indescription: marks description extracting the agentive place of the description selbri
le jaicaLE*the time ofdescription: marks description extracting the time tense place of the description bridi
le go'iKOhA*the x1 of last brididescription pro-sumti: reuses the value of the x1 of the previous bridi
leLEthe describednon-veridical descriptor: the one(s) described as …
lauLAUpunctuation mark2-word letteral/shift: punctuation mark or special symbol follows
laiLAthe mass of namedname descriptor: the mass of individual(s) named … ; takes name or selbri description
la'u maBAI*in what quantity?sumti question asking for a quantity; how many?
la'uBAIquantifyingklani modal, 1st place (amount) quantifying …; being a quantity of …
la'oZOIthe non-Lojban nameddelimited non-Lojban name; the resulting quote sumti is treated as a name
la'iLAthe set of namedname descriptor: the set of those named … ; takes name or selbri description
la'edi'uKOhA*last utterance itpro-sumti: the referent of the last utterance; the state described: "IT was fun"
la'eLAhEthe referent ofthe referent of (indirect pointer); uses the referent of a sumti as the desired sumti
la'anaiUI*3improbabilitydiscursive: probability - improbability
la'aUI3probabilitydiscursive: probability - improbability (cf. lakne)
laLAthat namedname descriptor: the one(s) called … ; takes name or selbri description
kyBY2kletteral for k
ku'uBAIin culturekulnu modal, 1st place in culture …
ku'oKUhOend relative clauseelidable terminator: end NOI relative clause; always elidable, but preferred in complex clauses
ku'iUI3bhoweverdiscursive: however/but/in contrast (cf. karbi, dukti, nalpanra)
ku'eKUhEend mex forethoughtelidable terminator: end mathematical (mex) forethought (Polish) expression; often elidable
ku'aJOIintersectionnon-logical connective: intersection of sets
kuKUend sumtielidable terminator: end description, modal, or negator sumti; often elidable
koiBAIbounded bykorbi modal, 1st place (bordered by) bounded by …
ko'uKOhA4it-5pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #5 (specified by goi)
ko'oKOhA4it-4pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #4 (specified by goi)
ko'iKOhA4it-3pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #3 (specified by goi)
ko'eKOhA4it-2pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #2 (specified by goi)
ko'aKOhA4it-1pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #1 (specified by goi)
koKOhA3imperativepro-sumti: you (imperative); make it true for you, the listener
ki'unaiBAI*despite reasonkrinu modal, 1st place despite reason …
ki'u maBAI*with what reason?sumti question asking for a rational explanation/justification; why?
ki'uBAIbecause of reasonkrinu modal, 1st place (justified by) justifiably; because of reason …
ki'oPA3number commadigit/number: number comma; thousands
ki'iBAIas a relation ofckini modal, 1st place (related to) relatively; as a relation of …
ki'enaiCOI*no thanks to youvocative: thanks - no thanks to you
ki'eCOIthanksvocative: thanks - no thanks to you
ki'anaiUI*6understandingnon-question: understanding of something said
ki'aUI6textual confusionattitudinal question: confusion about something said (cf. cfipu, kucli)
kiKItense defaulttense/modal: set/use tense default; establishes new open scope space/time/modal reference base
keiKEIend abstractionelidable terminator: end abstraction bridi (often elidable)
ke'unaiUI*3continuingdiscursive: repeating - continuing
ke'uUI3repeatingdiscursive: repeating - continuing (cf. refbasna, krefu, rapli, velde'a)
ke'oCOIplease repeatvocative: please repeat
ke'iGAhOexclusive intervalopen interval bracket marker; modifies intervals in non-logical connectives; exclude boundaries
ke'eKEhEend groupingelidable terminator: end of tanru left grouping override (usually elidable)
ke'aKOhA7relativized itpro-sumti: relativized sumti (object of relative clause)
keKEstart groupingstart grouping of tanru, etc; … type of … ; overrides normal tanru left grouping
kauUI3aindirect questiondiscursive: marks word serving as focus of indirect question: "I know WHO went to the store"
kaiBAIcharacterizingckaji modal, 1st place characterizing …
ka'uUI2I know culturallyevidential: I know by cultural means (myth or custom) (cf. kluju'o)
ka'oPA5imaginary idigit/number: imaginary i; square root of -1
ka'iBAIrepresented bykrati modal, 1st place represented by …
ka'eCAhAinnately capable ofmodal aspect: innate capability; possibly unrealized
ka'aBAIgone to byklama modal, 1st place gone to by …
kaNUproperty abstractabstractor: property/quality abstractor (-ness); x1 is quality/property exhibited by [bridi]
jyBY2jletteral for j
ju'uVUhU2number basebinary mathematical operator: number base; [a interpreted in the base b]
ju'opeiUI*6how certain?attitudinal: certainty question
ju'onaiUI*5impossibilityattitudinal modifier: certainty - uncertainty - impossibility
ju'ocu'iUI*5uncertaintyattitudinal modifier: certainty - uncertainty - impossibility
ju'ocaiUI*5quite certainattitudinal modifier: intense certainty
ju'oUI5certaintyattitudinal modifier: certainty - uncertainty - impossibility (cf. birti, cumki)
ju'inaiCOI*ignore mevocative: attention - at ease - ignore me
ju'icu'iCOI*at easevocative: attention - at ease - ignore me
ju'iCOIattentionvocative: attention - at ease - ignore me
ju'eJOIvague connectivevague non-logical connective: analogous to plain ".i"
ju'aUI2I stateevidential: I state - (default) elliptical/non-specific basis (cf. xusra)
juJAtanru whetherlogical connective: tanru-internal afterthought whether-or-not
jonaiJA*tanru xorlogical connective: tanru-internal afterthought exclusive or; Latin 'aut'
joibuBY*and letteral: ampersand character; especially used in standing for a mixed connective
joiJOIin a mass withnon-logical connective: mixed conjunction; "and" meaning "mixed together", forming a mass
jo'uJOIin common withnon-logical connective: in common with; along with (unmixed)
jo'oBY1Arabic shiftshift letterals to Arabic alphabet
jo'iJOhIarrayjoin mathematical expression (mex) operands into an array
jo'eJOIunionnon-logical connective: union of sets
jo'aUI3ametalinguistic yesdiscursive: metalinguistic affirmer (cf. drani)
joJAtanru ifflogical connective: tanru-internal afterthought biconditional/iff/if-and-only-if
ji'uBAIbased onjicmu modal, 1st place (assumptions); given that …; based on …
ji'oBAIunder direction ofjitro modal, 1st place (control) controlledly; under direction of …
ji'ini'uPA*rounded downrounded down (appended after string of digits indicating a rounded value)
ji'ima'uPA*rounded uprounded up (appended after string of digits indicating a rounded value)
ji'iPA4approximatelydigit/number: approximately (default the typical value in this context) (number)
ji'eBAIup to limitjimte modal, 1st place limitedly; up to limit …
ji'aUI3bin additiondiscursive: additionally (cf. jmina)
jiAsumti conn ?logical connective: sumti afterthought connective question
jenaiJA*tanru but notlogical connective: tanru-internal afterthought x but not y
jeiNUtruth abstractabstractor: truth-value abstractor; x1 is truth value of [bridi] under epistemology x2
je'unaiUI*3falsitydiscursive: truth - falsity
je'uUI3truthdiscursive: truth - falsity (cf. jetnu)
je'oBY1Hebrew shiftshift letterals to Hebrew alphabet
je'iJAtanru conn ?logical connective: tanru-internal afterthought conn question
je'enaiCOI*negative acknowledgevocative: roger (ack) - negative acknowledge; I didn't hear you
je'eCOIrogervocative: roger (ack) - negative acknowledge; used to acknowledge offers and thanks
je'aNAhEscalar affirmerscalar affirmer; denies scalar negation: Indeed!
jeJAtanru andlogical connective: tanru-internal afterthought and
jauPA2hex digit Ddigit/number: hex digit D (decimal 13) [thirteen]
jaiviSE*location conversionconvert location tense (tagged) place to 1st place; 1st place moves to extra place (fai)
jaigauSE*agent conversionmakes x1 the agent of a bridi; old 1st place moves to extra place (fai)
jaicaSE*time conversionconvert time tense (tagged) place to 1st place; 1st place moves to extra place (fai)
jaiJAImodal conversionconvert tense/modal (tagged) place to 1st place; 1st place moves to extra FA place (fai)
ja'oUI2I concludeevidential: I conclude (cf. selni'i, ni'ikri)
ja'iBAIby rulejavni modal, 1st place (by standard 1) orderly; by rule …
ja'enaiBAI*nevertheless resultjalge modal, 1st place (event causal) nevertheless result …
ja'eBAItherefore resultjalge modal, 1st place resultingly; therefore result …
ja'aNAbridi affirmerbridi logical affirmer; scope is an entire bridi
jaJAtanru orlogical connective: tanru-internal afterthought or
gyBY2gletteral for g
gu'uGUhAfore tanru whetherlogical connective: tanru-internal forethought whether-or-not (with gi)
gu'onaiGUhA*fore tanru xorlogical connective: tanru-internal forethought exclusive or (with gi); Latin 'aut'
gu'oGUhAfore tanru ifflogical connective: tanru-internal forethought biconditional/iff/if-and-only-if (with gi)
gu'iGUhAfore tanru conn ?logical connective: tanru-internal forethought question (with gi)
gu'eGUhAfore tanru andlogical connective: tanru-internal forethought and (with gi)
gu'anaiGUhA*fore tanru only iflogical connective: tanru-internal forethought conditional/only if (with gi)
gu'aGUhAfore tanru orlogical connective: tanru-internal forethought or (with gi)
guGAfore whetherlogical connective: forethought all but tanru-internal whether-or-not (with gi)
gonaiGA*fore xorlogical connective: forethought all but tanru-internal exclusive or (with gi); Latin 'aut'
goiGOIpro-sumti assignsumti assignment; used to define/assign ko'a/fo'a series pro-sumti; Latin 'sive'
go'uGOhAearlier bridipro-bridi: repeats a remote past bridi
go'oGOhAfuture bridipro-bridi: repeats a future bridi, normally the next one
go'ira'oGOhA*true for me toopro-bridi: preceding bridi; repeats claim as true, updating for speaker/listener change
go'iGOhAlast bridipro-bridi: preceding bridi; in answer to a yes/no question, repeats the claim, meaning yes
go'eGOhApenultimate bridipro-bridi: repeats the next to last bridi
go'aGOhArecent bridipro-bridi: repeats a recent bridi (usually not the last 2)
goGAfore ifflogical connective: forethought all but tanru internal biconditional/iff/if-and-only-if(with gi)
gi'uGIhAbridi whetherlogical connective: bridi-tail afterthought whether-or-not
gi'onaiGIhA*bridi xorlogical connective: bridi-tail afterthought exclusive or; Latin 'aut'
gi'oGIhAbridi ifflogical connective: bridi-tail afterthought biconditional/iff/if-and-only-if
gi'iGIhAbridi conn ?logical connective: bridi-tail afterthought conn question
gi'enaiGIhA*bridi but notlogical connective: bridi-tail afterthought x but not y
gi'eGIhAbridi andlogical connective: bridi-tail afterthought and
gi'aGIhAbridi orlogical connective: bridi-tail afterthought or
giGIconnective mediallogical connective: all but tanru-internal forethought connective medial marker
geiVUhU2exponential notationtrinary mathematical operator: order of magnitude/value/base; [b * (c to the a power)]
ge'uGEhUend relative phraseelidable terminator: end relative/modal phrases; usually elidable in non-complex phrases
ge'oBY1Greek shiftshift letterals to Greek alphabet
ge'iGAfore conn ?logical connective: forethought all but tanru-internal connective question (with gi)
ge'eUI6unspecif emotionattitudinal: elliptical/unspecified/non-specific emotion; no particular feeling
ge'aVUhU0null operatormathematical operator: null mathematical expression (mex) operator (used in >2-ary ops)
geGAfore andlogical connective: forethought all but tanru-internal and (with gi)
gauBAIwith active agentgasnu modal, 1st place agent/actor case tag with active agent …
ganaiGA*fore only iflogical connective: forethought all but tanru-internal conditional/only if (with gi)
gaiPA2hex digit Cdigit/number: hex digit C (decimal 12) [twelve]
ga'uFAhA2abovelocation tense relation/direction; upwards/up from …
ga'oGAhOinclusive intervalclosed interval bracket marker; mod. intervals in non-logical connectives; include boundaries
ga'inaiUI*5meeknessattitudinal modifier/honorific: hauteur - equal rank - meekness; used with one of higher rank
ga'icu'iUI*5equal rankattitudinal modifier/honorific: hauteur - equal rank - meekness; used with one of equal rank
ga'iUI5hauteurattitudinal modifier/honorific: hauteur - equal rank - meekness; used with one of lower rank (cf. gapru, cnita)
ga'eBY1upper-case shiftupper-case letteral shift
ga'aBAIto observerzgana modal, 1st place to observer … ; witnessed by …
gaGAfore orlogical connective: forethought all but tanru-internal or (with gi)
fyBY2fletteral for f
fu'uVUhU0unspecif operatorn-ary mathematical operator: elliptical/unspecified mathematical expression (mex) operator
fu'oFUhOend indicator scopeend indicator long scope; terminates scope of all active indicators
fu'inaiUI*5difficultattitudinal modifier: easy - difficult
fu'iUI5easyattitudinal modifier: easy - difficult (cf. frili)
fu'eFUhEindicator scopebegin indicator long scope
fu'aFUhAreverse Polishreverse Polish mathematical expression (mex) operator flag
fuFA5th sumti placesumti place tag: tag 5th sumti place
foiFOIend composite lerfuterminator: end composite lerfu; never elidable
fo'uKOhA4it-10pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #10 (specified by goi)
fo'oKOhA4it-9pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #9 (specified by goi)
fo'iKOhA4it-8pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #8 (specified by goi)
fo'eKOhA4it-7pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #7 (specified by goi)
fo'aKOhA4it-6pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #6 (specified by goi)
foFA4th sumti placesumti place tag: tag 4th sumti place
fi'uPA3fraction slashdigit/number: fraction slash; default "/n" => 1/n, "n/" => n/1, or "/" alone => golden ratio
fi'oFIhOselbri to modalconvert selbri to nonce modal/sumti tag
fi'inaiCOI*inhospitalityvocative: hospitality - inhospitality
fi'iCOIhospitalityvocative: hospitality - inhospitality; you are welcome/ make yourself at home
fi'eBAIcreated byfinti modal, 1st place (creator) created by …
fi'aFAsumti place ?sumti place tag: place structure number/tag question
fiFA3rd sumti placesumti place tag: tag 3rd sumti place
feiPA2hex digit Bdigit/number: hex digit B (decimal 11) [eleven]
fe'uFEhUend modal selbrielidable terminator: end nonce conversion of selbri to modal; usually elidable
fe'oCOIover and outvocative: over and out (end discussion)
fe'iVUhU1divided byn-ary mathematical operator: divided by; division operator; [(((a / b) / c) / …)]
fe'eza'oZAhO*continuing too farlocation event contour tense: superfective in space; continuing too far beyond …
fe'eroroiROI*everywherelocation tense interval modifier: always in space; objectively quantified tense
fe'epu'oZAhO*up to the edge oflocation event contour tense: anticipative in space; up to the edge of …
fe'enoroiROI*nowherelocation tense interval modifier: never in space; objectively quantified tense
fe'emo'uZAhO*at the far end oflocation event contour tense: completive in space; at the far end of …
fe'eco'iZAhO*at the point oflocation event contour tense: achievative in space; at the point of …
fe'eco'aZAhO*on this edge oflocation event contour tense: initiative in space; on this edge of …
fe'eca'oZAhO*throughoutlocation event contour tense: continuative in space; throughout the place of …
fe'eba'oZAhO*beyondlocation event contour tense: perfective in space; beyond the place of …
fe'eFEhEspace aspectsmark space interval distributive aspects; labels interval tense modifiers as location-oriented
fe'aVUhU3nth root ofbinary mathematical operator: nth root of; inverse power [a to the 1/b power]
feFA2nd sumti placesumti place tag: tag 2nd sumti place
fauBAIin the event offasnu modal, 1st place (non-causal) in the event of …
faiFAextra sumti placesumti place tag: tag a sumti moved out of numbered place structure; used in modal conversions
fa'uJOIand respectivelynon-logical connective: respectively; unmixed ordered distributed association
fa'oFAhOend of textunconditional end of text; outside regular grammar; used for computer input
fa'iVUhU2reciprocal ofunary mathematical operator: reciprocal; multiplicative inverse; [1/a]
fa'eBAIreverse offatne modal, 1st place backwards; reverse of …
fa'aFAhA4towards pointlocation tense relation/direction; arriving at/directly towards …
faFA1st sumti placesumti place tag: tag 1st sumti place
dyBY2dletteral for d
du'uNUbridi abstractabstractor: predication/bridi abstractor; x1 is predication [bridi] expressed in sentence x2
du'oBAIaccording todjuno modal, 1st place (info source) authoritatively; according to …; known by …
du'iBAIas much asdunli modal, 1st place (equalled by) equally; as much as …
du'eroiROI*too many timestense interval modifier: too many times objective tense, defaults as time tense
du'emeiMOI*is too manyquantifier selbri: convert too many to cardinal selbri; x1 is a set with too many members x2
du'ePA4too manydigit/number: too many; subjective
du'aFAhA1east oflocation tense relation/direction; east of
duGOhAsame identity asidentity selbri; ⇔ sign; x1 identically equals x2, x3, etc.; attached sumti refer to same thing
doido'uDOI*O You!generic vocative address to intended listener;
doiDOIvocative markergeneric vocative marker; identifies intended listener; elidable after COI
do'uDOhUend vocativeelidable terminator: end vocative (often elidable)
do'oKOhA3you and otherspro-sumti: you the listener and others unspecified
do'iKOhA2unspecif utterancepro-sumti: elliptical/unspecified utterance variable
do'eBAIunspecif modalelliptical/unspecified modal
do'anaiUI*3parsimoniouslydiscursive: generously - parsimoniously
do'aUI3generouslydiscursive: generously - parsimoniously (cf. dunda)
doKOhA3youpro-sumti: you listener(s); identified by vocative
di'uKOhA2last utterancepro-sumti: the last utterance
di'oBAIat the locus ofdiklo modal, 1st place at the locus of …
di'inaiTAhE*irregularlytense interval modifier: irregularly/aperiodically; tense/modal; defaults as time tense
di'iTAhEregularlytense interval modifier: regularly; subjective tense/modal; defaults as time tense
di'eKOhA2next utterancepro-sumti: the next utterance
di'aZAhOresumptitiveevent contour for resumption of a paused process
diKOhA1something 3logically quantified existential pro-sumti: there exists something 3 (usually restricted)
denpa buBY*pause symbolletteral: Lojban "." character
deiKOhA2this utterancepro-sumti: this utterance
de'uKOhA2recent utterancepro-sumti: a recent utterance
de'oVUhU3logarithmbinary mathematical operator: logarithm; [log/ln a to base b]; default base 10 or e
de'iBAIdateddetri modal, 1st place (for letters) dated … ; attaches date stamp
de'eKOhA2soon utterancepro-sumti: a near future utterance
de'aZAhOpausativeevent contour for a temporary halt and ensuing pause in a process
deKOhA1something 2logically quantified existential pro-sumti: there exists something 2 (usually restricted)
dauPA2hex digit Adigit/number: hex digit A (decimal 10) [ten]
daiUI5empathyattitudinal modifier: marks empathetic use of preceding attitudinal; shows another's feelings (cf. cnijmi)
da'uKOhA2earlier utterancepro-sumti: a remote past utterance; "She couldn't have known that IT would be true."
da'oDAhOcancel pro-assignsdiscursive: cancel pro-sumti/pro-bridi assignments
da'inaiUI*3in factdiscursive: supposing - in fact
da'iUI3supposingdiscursive: supposing - in fact (cf. sruma)
da'eKOhA2eventual utterancepro-sumti: remote future utterance; "He'll tell you tomorrow. IT will be a doozy."
da'aremoiMOI*is antepenultimatequantified selbri: converts all-but-2 to ordinal selbri; x1 is antepenult. among x2 by rule x3
da'amoiMOI*is penultimate amongquantified selbri: converts all-but-(1) to ordinal selbri; x1 is penultimate among x2 by rule x3
da'aPA4all exceptdigit/number: all except n; all but n; default 1
daKOhA1something 1logically quantified existential pro-sumti: there exists something 1 (usually restricted)
cyBY2cletteral for c
cu'u ko'aBAI*as said by it-1tagged sumti: can be used for embedded: it-1 said, "…", with editorial unquote and insert
cu'uBAIas said bycusku modal, 1st place (attribution/quotation) as said by source …; used for quotation
cu'oMOIprobability selbriconvert number to probability selbri; event x1 has probability (n) of occurring under cond. x2
cu'iCAIneutral emotionattitudinal: neutral scalar attitude modifier
cu'eCUhEmodal ?tense/modal question
cu'aVUhU3absolute valueunary mathematical operator: absolute value/norm |a|
cuCUselbri separatorelidable marker: separates selbri from preceding sumti, allows preceding terminator elision
coico'oCOI*greetings in passingvocative: greetings in passing
coiCOIgreetingsvocative: greetings/hello
co'uZAhOcessativeinterval event contour: at the ending point of … even if not done; cessative | >< |
co'oCOIpartingsvocative: partings/good-bye
co'iZAhOachievativeinterval event contour: at the instantaneous point of …; achievative; point event >|<
co'eGOhAunspecif bridielliptical/unspecified bridi relationship
co'aZAhOinitiativeinterval event contour: at the starting point of …; initiative >|< |
coCOtanru inversiontanru inversion operator; "… of type …"; allows modifier trailing sumti without sumti links
ciroiROI*thricetense interval modifier: thrice; objectively quantified tense; defaults as time tense
cinonoPA*300number/quantity: 300 [three hundred]
cinoPA*30number/quantity: 30 [thirty]
cimoiMOI*is third amongquantified selbri: convert 3 to ordinal selbri; x1 is third among x2 ordered by rule x3
cimeiMOI*is a trioquantifier selbri: convert 3 to cardinal selbri; x1 is a set with the trio of members x2
ciki'oPA*3,000number/quantity: 3,000 expressed with comma
ci'uBAIon the scaleckilu modal, 1st place on the scale …
ci'oBAIemotionally felt bycinmo modal, 1st place emotionally felt by …
ci'iroiROI*infinite timestense interval modifier: occurs infinite times, eternally; objective tense; defaults as time
ci'iPA5infinitydigit/number: infinity; followed by digits => aleph cardinality
ci'eBAIin systemciste modal, 1st place used in scalar negation in system/context …
ciPA13digit/number: 3 (digit) [three]
ceiCEIpro-bridi assignselbri variable assignment; assigns broda series pro-bridi to a selbri
ce'uKOhA8lambdapseudo-quantifier binding a variable within an abstraction that represents an open place
ce'oJOIin a sequence withnon-logical connective: ordered sequence link; "and then", forming a sequence
ce'iPA3percentdigit/number: % percentage symbol, hundredths
ce'eCEhEafterthought termsetlinks terms into an afterthought termset
ce'aLAUfont shift2-word letteral/shift: the word following indicates a new font (e.g. italics, manuscript)
ceJOIin a set withnon-logical connective: set link, unordered; "and also", but forming a set
cauBAIlacked byclaxu modal, 1st place lacked by …
capu'oZAhO*is going totime tense: is going to, is now just about to, is now anticipating; (tense/modal)
cajebaPU*during and aftertime tense: during and after; (tense/modal)
caiCAIintense emotionattitudinal: strong intensity attitude modifier
caca'oZAhO*is nowtime tense: is now/simultaneously, is now in the middle of; (tense/modal)
caca'aPU*currently istime tense: present actuality; modal aspect
caba'oZAhO*has beentime tense: has been, is now in the aftermath of; (tense/modal)
ca'uFAhA2in front oflocation tense relation/direction; forwards/to the front of …
ca'oZAhOcontinuativeinterval event contour: during …; continuative |-----|
ca'iBAIby authority ofcatni modal, 1st place by authority of …
ca'eUI2I defineevidential: I define (cf. mitcu'a, mitsmu)
ca'aCAhAactually ismodal aspect: actuality/ongoing event
ca maPU*when?sumti question asking for a time/date/event; simultaneous with what?
caPUduringtime tense relation/direction: is [selbri]; during/simultaneous with [sumti]; present tense
byBY2bletteral for b
bu'uFAhA3coincident withlocation tense relation/direction; coincident with/at the same place as; space equivalent of ca
bu'onaiUI*7end emotionattitudinal contour: start emotion - continue emotion - end emotion
bu'ocu'iUI*7continue emotionattitudinal contour: start emotion - continue emotion - end emotion
bu'oUI7start emotionattitudinal contour: start emotion - continue emotion - end emotion
bu'iGOhAsome selbri 3logically quantified predicate variable: some selbri 3
bu'eGOhAsome selbri 2logically quantified predicate variable: some selbri 2
bu'aGOhAsome selbri 1logically quantified predicate variable: some selbri 1
buBUword to lerfuconvert any single word to BY
boiBOIend number or lerfuelidable terminator: terminate numeral or letteral string
boBOshort scope linkshort scope joiner; joins various constructs with shortest scope and right grouping
binonovoPA*8004number/quantity: 8004, without comma
binonoPA*800number/quantity: 800 [eight hundred]
binoPA*80number/quantity: 80 [eighty]
bimoiMOI*is eighth amongquantified selbri: convert 8 to ordinal selbri; x1 is eighth among x2 ordered by rule x3
bimeiMOI*is a octetquantifier selbri: convert 8 to cardinal selbri; x1 is a set with the octet of members x2
biki'oPA*8,000number/quantity: 8,000 expressed with comma
bi'unaiUI*3old informationdiscursive: newly introduced information - previously introduced information
bi'uUI3anew informationdiscursive: newly introduced information - previously introduced information (cf. nindatni, saurdatni)
bi'oBIhIordered intervalnon-logical interval connective: ordered from … to …
bi'iBIhIunordered intervalnon-logical interval connective: unordered between … and …
bi'eBIhEhi priority operatorprefixed to a mex operator to indicate high priority
biPA18digit/number: 8 (digit) [eight]
beiBEIlink more sumtiseparates multiple linked sumti within a selbri; used in descriptions
be'unaiUI*5satiationattitudinal modifier: lack/need - presence/satisfaction - satiation
be'ucu'iUI*5presenceattitudinal modifier: lack/need - presence/satisfaction - satiation
be'uUI5lackattitudinal modifier: lack/need - presence/satisfaction - satiation (cf. claxu, nitcu, mansa)
be'oBEhOend linked sumtielidable terminator: end linked sumti in specified description
be'iBAIsent bybenji modal, 1st place (sender) sent by …
be'eCOIrequest to sendvocative: request to send/speak
be'aFAhA1north oflocation tense relation/direction; north of
beBElink sumtisumti link to attach sumti (default x2) to a selbri; used in descriptions
bauBAIin languagebangu modal, 1st place in language …
bapuPU*will have beentime tense: will have been; (tense/modal)
baiBAIcompelled bybapli modal, 1st place (forced by) forcedly; compelled by force …
baca'oZAhO*will be thentime tense: will be then; (tense/modal)
baca'aPU*will actuallytime tense: future actuality; modal aspect
babaPU*will be going totime tense: will be going to; (tense/modal)
ba'unaiUI*3understatementdiscursive: exaggeration - accuracy - understatement
ba'ucu'iUI*3accuracydiscursive: exaggeration - accuracy - understatement
ba'uUI3exaggerationdiscursive: exaggeration - accuracy - understatement (cf. satci, dukse)
ba'oZAhOperfectiveinterval event contour: in the aftermath of …; since …; perfective | |----
ba'iBAIreplaced bybasti modal, 1st place replaced by …
ba'eBAhEemphasize nextforethought emphasis indicator; indicates next word is especially emphasized
ba'anaiUI*2I rememberevidential: I expect - I experience - I remember
ba'acu'iUI*2I experienceevidential: I expect - I experience - I remember
ba'aUI2I anticipateevidential: I expect - I experience - I remember (cf. bavykri, lifri, morji)
baPUaftertime tense relation/direction: will [selbri]; after [sumti]; default future tense