English: Ostentatious, Spurious, but Uranian!

By Xah Lee. Date: . Last updated: .
Oscar Wilde tomb Pere Lachaise Cemetery 2012
The tomb of [ Oscar Wilde ] [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oscar_Wilde ] at [ Père Lachaise Cemetery ] [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Père_Lachaise_Cemetery ] 〔image source https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10151172316265513&set=a.10150219677660513.331092.513105512&type=1&theater&notif_t=photo_reply by Samuel Tsang at https://www.facebook.com/tsangchunsum?sk=photos

While i was writing my Today's Wordy English unassuming, witness:


“A sentimentalist”, Oscar Wilde wrote Alfred Douglas, “is one who desires to have the luxury of an emotion without paying for it.” James Baldwin considered that “Sentimentality, the ostentatious parading of excessive and spurious emotion, is the mark of dishonesty, the inability to feel… the mask of cruelty”.
[ Sentimentality ] [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sentimentality ], 2011-11-14

but then who is [ Oscar Wilde ] [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oscar_Wilde ] and [ Alfred Douglas ] [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_Douglas ]? Here's a quote from Wikipedia:

Lord Alfred Bruce Douglas (22 October 1870 – 20 March 1945), nicknamed Bosie, was a British author, poet and translator, better known as the intimate friend and lover of the writer Oscar Wilde. Much of his early poetry was Uranian in theme, though he tended, later in life, to distance himself from both Wilde's influence and his own role as a Uranian poet.

“Uranian”? What is [ Uranian ] [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uranian ]? It's quite interesting. Quote:

Uranian is a 19th century term that referred to a person of a third sex — originally, someone with “a female psyche in a male body” who is sexually attracted to men, and later extended to cover homosexual gender variant females, and a number of other sexual types. It is believed to be an English adaptation of the German word Urning, which was first published by activist Karl Heinrich Ulrichs (1825–95) in a series of five booklets (1864–65) which were collected under the title Forschungen über das Räthsel der mannmännlichen Liebe (“Research into the Riddle of Man-Manly Love”). Ulrich developed his terminology before the first public use of the term “homosexual”, which appeared in 1869 in a pamphlet published anonymously by Karl-Maria Kertbeny (1824–82).

The term “Uranian” was quickly adopted by English-language advocates of homosexual emancipation in the Victorian era, such as Edward Carpenter and John Addington Symonds, who used it to describe a comradely love that would bring about true democracy, uniting the “estranged ranks of society” and breaking down class and gender barriers. Oscar Wilde wrote to Robert Ross in an undated letter (?18 February 1898): “To have altered my life would have been to have admitted that Uranian love is ignoble. I hold it to be noble - more noble than other forms.”

The term also gained currency among a group that studied Classics and dabbled in [ pederastic ] [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pederasty ] poetry from the 1870s to the 1930s. The writings of this group are now known by the phrase “Uranian poetry”. The art of Henry Scott Tuke and Wilhelm von Gloeden is also sometimes referred to as “Uranian”.