Etymology of Analyze

By Xah Lee. Date: .

there is a problem with the word analyze, cuz you can't escape the anal- part.

So, what's the origin of the word analyze?

apparently, analyze came from analysis.

etymology of analyze

c. 1600, of material things, “to dissect, take to pieces,” from French analyser, from the noun analyse “analysis” (see analysis). Of literature, “examine critically to get the essence of,” from 1610s; meaning in chemistry (“resolve a compound into elements”) dates from 1660s. General sense of “to examine closely” dates from 1809; psychological sense is from 1909. Related: Analyzed; analyzing.

[etymology of analyze]

So, what's the etymology of analysis?

apparently, it's from ana + lysis. ana = “up, back, throughout” and lysis = “a loosening,” from lyein “to unfasten”. So, basically it means something like up and unfasten.

analysis (n.)
1580s, “resolution of anything complex into simple elements” (opposite of synthesis), from Medieval Latin analysis (15c.), from Greek analysis “solution of a problem by analysis,” literally “a breaking up, a loosening, releasing,” noun of action from analyein “unloose, release, set free; to loose a ship from its moorings,” in Aristotle, “to analyze,” from ana “up, back, throughout” (see ana-) + lysis “a loosening,” from lyein “to unfasten” (from PIE root *leu- “to loosen, divide, cut apart”).

so in the end, still can't escape the anal- part, and there is no easy word replace analyze or analysis.